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Full text of "Raja_Yogam_by_Swami_Vivekananda_(Malayalam_Translation_by_Kumaran_Asan)"

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Rajayogam by Swami Vivckananda (Malayalam Translation by Kumaranasan) 

by http://malayalamebooks.orK/ is licensed under a 
Creatiye Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDeriys 3.0 Unported License . 



E-book Published By 

http : //malayalamebooks . or g/ 

May 2012 



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atf)(WGnJ06)QJ, CO^nDl(U)^COOriD6WCCOOGnD^rajJ = &6TU)0(U)0OJ 

((Urd)(UWOOj), &6rU)0(T)o (6Di(73l(X2)o), G&6rU)(D)o (dJlr&ICWo) 6DQJCr2Jl(U3, 

(U)(u3(mo(U)36rsg(r)(U)o = a$cB,occo(U)cwjo (U)030(umjajjo ((urd)cB>j(w) 
(rvinooj(uru)ls = (romocol (<D6nsocB>j(wj). 

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eoj rd20^cn>2io)orc))1oo cro^oailcnjos rUf^eg36roogrLjol oJC00fflc3(/Dl 
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C3T3OJCJcn>c0OOC^ (OJGeJOo CT02cft>9d2O)O6c3Bg0cn> Oj1r^cn6m30ga_|Olcn>2o 

cgr^c^jcmj. croaouilcnjos ojgoo gcncocmo)&joorj) sdtd OTd^oora) 
oJslcnloS majceoj nJD&jaocnl crolrjiilaojcmo) crojD2&JOjlr>ajcn63Bg1cc)3 
r^)cm(Br>Joo&j o)ocm cn^caad^c^JlriSdcnc^Bgl&jjo amcrolom ri^gjrLj 
orailoo a^cft>o(.co°lcft>o1c0oooooJ2cft rL^cmjggcOTOOT). cgraoilom moo 
snno cnjmcoeorailoo 63oc3a2ljy20cft>ogg6mo. gDoilos ccnocol ajcmj 
ojcr^jcsoog c^ooDjcmj. ©stcdocotooj, Q&my<wo, ©srcDomo; 
c5ToO)ocn>cc7) cgr3)Cc5Y20OJ, oiloSdcno, amcro. ma^jos a^omorjilmj 
oilnajcnaocnl a^croj ojcr^jteoao oilailaoorLjslolceojcmj. 6icm02O)2 
crojD^&JOJcr^^cBogocn coo°1o6c3bc/o cgrdo&JsaTloo 2omcnilcft>oilrL)jcn63BC^, 
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216 



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oJ^oiiaS (ot^oiaodi), odIo^ocdIcBdOdooo) orooc^adoroS oJjcajonaS 
raraej, (mnDcmooinJcnooa) oJjojoiiaB. (3ra@< ) ooroo6)cja>06ri3 cbqq>oco1 

6nno ®l<rr>i croaouilcojlejjo aocSajs^rorj) orooruoalcSs^cnD]. 

CU^OOOlcSOJCOnJOC^ (26)OeJ0 Qj1.aJO063BCSgQQ>2o Qj1§2cft>gQJOa3 

(aracojoaSaajte^lcojjcroj. (3raoo>oa3 aj)oa3 co^ocnlcsojcm ojIoSjocscbkjtotosj 
6)nQ)<a>p(tych^o inAOrLi](BS)icmi. co^ocnlaojGonjoc^ (3raoo>oa3 bcdj 
croaJDslcft>6iJ6TTLOo(BoJ06)&j (gTcjooJloirolojaDj. oJ2o9j<Tj6TOg26)s ajonJloS 

0T0aDSlcft>o alceOOJOOJo aJ2o9daJ63BCBgOS 6)r>^)cft>0aJT!2^o (aJ3<£p<3«)2 
Cro26Tli. oJJoaJoJo ^^ 00 "^ 0061 " 083 ^^ OTOoDSlc&OJ^o ^ojajoooJl 

(OTOTlcDjcmj. oJjoMoJo 0)1r^oj(36TT)i206)6nr)a>1«53 croojslc&ojjo odI&j 
oj(36m(20QQ>l«JKJ)6)cm cft>06ro2cm2. 

ang(aj)o 42. (©p (TaorijatasMssraTacnajlchEJ^Ordg rtm1(5qrn3 
mjoj1o)(5cK)3 rnjMrdcsroilg. 



(310(3(3)00: (U)[(U) = (W(210(DlcA,gl(u3, OU6nJ0S(U)D&6rU)0a)ailca,eJ6)6)nJS 
= OUSnJo, (&td(3(U)Oo, &6TU)0(Do 6Daicdi<3J6)S qJ1c&,QJclJ(G(33)6UBG<30S, 

(wea,W6wo = ca,£/(3(m7sj@@(U), (wail(U)(3cd6)o (wmoojrutuils = 
(waJ?(U)(3c96) (waocol (or&c&jcmj). 

6dqj16)s cra6njo a^cmj ajooo^cmajjj oJlcroaJDjoemo (3T3>6tt). 

(310(0)000X3) C/a6TlJ6)«JKJ) CDOOTIcSOJCm CrolOO^J&JCDo. ©6T0)00Do a3)croo«j3 
(oJ(3)lcft>06TOo. ^«J)2OJ6)0 CDOo L^^1^3f3l^jl§2gg OTO(20ailcft>a3 
a(j)eJ0o CrOOj1aj)(3c06) («DTDciOCSCSrOTOSJcS^SlcO)) 0TO(2OCOlQQ>O6)6mcrD2 
oJ(3)6T£3&j1 aJOOO^CTOJ. SDO)l(B(2eJOKj3 (SraCBgaOo gOOJCScmCOTJo (3T3KJ)1(BCD 
tfS)0O3 gQQ>(3cro«J)2l2O0Q> CO» J OCD63B6)gaJ ) Ola ; |OQQ>2o. CrOOjlKJ)(3c06)CrOl2Oail 

cft>glaj3 c/D6DJ0c3KJ)D©6Ta)0CD63Bg26)s cft>GJ(3jyQQ>lra3 or)lcro26n§Ocft>2cro 

C)j1aM()a>OJlaajQQ>lcft>g0cft>2Cro 3JCBJ6)«JKJ) CDOo OJlSJCTOl&J. (31(3)3^0 60^000^ 
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(313(0) ggglCSGJ^ CDQQ>lce«)6)aJ ) S.(0)OQQ> (310(3(0)00. (SracoilODJ CBC/DoSdo, 



217 



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(3TD(3)0CQ>(3), ©6T3)0CDo. o(j)CmO(33 SDTJ EJOTDJo cft>2SlCQ>2S3S3K5)OCQ> 2lC/DC/D 
OJCr^OJlCD06TD CDOo ©6T3)0CDo o^CTDJ oJOCO^CTDCS). 6D(3)jOJ6)CDCQ)jS_6_ 

o£j)&jo croaooilcon&j^o u.^ocDcsrolor.j oJla_dCQ>20CQ>l or^aoj cans^cmo)] 
6DT3 al(.c/DOJor^2 (3td>6td. oromoail 6D(3)lc.cDcftS)oc/3 <DCQ>(3cm(3)Ocft>2cm2. 

nngpo 43. mj^o^njol^rjjoo (iijj^aj^ear^ajadnno^p 

ODltomja (T)l(aaj1o)(ac9ff)3. 

(3TD(3(3_Do: (TV0 ( $(V)7/TJ07odJGD'V = CmsnJOVG^,(U)037Qj7rMQQ)l20QQ) 

av%(U)7 oujgd0ocq)O(u3 (6i<p76Turu)0(u3), avj0jnJOdja>jo 6doj = ovj 

((U)6)a3)&6TU)0a)l2KQ)l20(W (DJnJG(UrU)0SJcdiJS06)(U) aJ)Or>GoJ06)QJ, 

(3rd(5(U)Di2)Oi(U)a)7(5@oavo = G&€ru)QO)®0i(U)®0(X2)7 (EUdaiilnJj a>7(u3c96)jar> 
(iaJ6Wi), a)7(3oj7(U)(3cd6)0 = a>7(3aj7(U)(3c96) av0ow7 ((urdjc&janj). 

gDTJ (©6T3)0(3)0OJ2 «5>2S63T3lC0)) ^^CTDIC-ODCO^o OJln9_ICQ)[20c96>1 

cu^ocDl.ajj aJ(ol__jco>l_yl§o6rD gooj ajcmloagcojjo croooroc3c/)o cft>2S06)(3) 

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cftS)§CQ>Oo. BCTD02(3)0CQ>1 6DOJ ajOTDJo a(j)CT3)06)6TDCTD2 2mq\)l__J0cftS)0a3 
OOEJcSOJ (.ODOilteOOo. 6DTJ __jl(3T3)o, (3TD(3)0CQ>(3)2 200D0r0aJ30(3(3___]o 
sjOCDlcSOJCmj. (3)S0c9.(3T3>16)CT3 cr003^(/a^6)<3ra> CD163T3C/3 a^CaJO^o 
630(322l^6)cft>0S3536mo. rJl6)OD OJlcrOaDJCDSnDo, OJ0tfS), (3TD(3)0CQ>(3)2 
C/D6DJ0 (3TD(3)l6)CT^ ((3)S0cft>(3T3)l6)a3) C2(33 ODOCU.lOTOaJCBODo CBaJ06)__J 
(__JĔ_JCDo gerrgOcBOJOD]). 0)l63B§26)S gS3glo3 (3TD) C/D0CT3)20CQ> (3)S0cft>o 

caTlsceojcmj. 6T3)oa3 gcdooj ag)cm bcdj ojoas^ 6>_ycDlcftS)2cft>cQ>2o 

6)^JCQJ20D2. (3TD(3)2 ODl63B§26)S 6)__JOJlCQ>l(33cftS)2Sl SJgglcOJceO] 
(BaJ0cft2Cm <DS6)0D (3TDC.(3)OS2cft>2Sl (3)S0cft>(3T3)l(33 BCD^ (3TD__J 
SJOTgOJlceOJCmj. (3TD(3)26)cft>06rri. (3TD) (3TDGJCQ>06TD CC00OJl6)CT^ CD^aJo 
(3TD6)GJa>1(33 (3TD(3(3_Do a^CTDJ CDOo aJOCO^Cm CC/)0OJl6)CDa_|OlCQ> 
C6DJ0a.20CQ>l OTOaDJCDlceO^CmCOT. 0D163BC/3 (3TDOlCQ>2Cm (3TD(aJcft>0CDo 



218 



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(3TD)(300rO(D2aJ(20CQ> (3TO) CCOOOJ OJOCr^aJK5TC5)l(33 (200D0rOaJ3O(3051C 

OTOTl&j^gg (3ira&JOQ>06rn. (stdo) (grajorooeao ouooo^cao (3TD)Cq> 

(/D6nJOj1CTTJaJD206m«5T(7)1(£fUCjC|2 BCDJ L<^<^1<e>©6TD©2 r > Jl2O0Q> 1 ^®! " !- ^ 
CTDODJGOTTOTOSJdSj^Sl (3TD) (3TD&J ODODldSOJdSjCO^o O-aJCO^CTDJ. (3Tdj (3TD&JCJC|2 
B®2 <^JO(B<B6)OS2<ft>2S06)(OT OJ(3K5T(J)laJOa3 dSjSlcO^CTDCTO&J. ODOo BCDJ 
C/DODJOJJo G<e>(/3<eOOO«5) e(/)0Oj1OCDa_|Ol ^jl(T(3)l<05)l2OL(OTo O-jJCO^CTDJ 
SngG&JO. (STDeaJOC/S (3TDO(3)63B1oOD a^ODJ OD163BC/3 C.aJ03l<eO0o. 
ODl63B(/3 (giO(Ba_|0(/3 a5)CTD«5K5)OCT3 (31(3) (/D6DJO(3T5) 0)1(3(221.0^ 
6)<ft>Ogg3jCTDj. CDl63Bg]6)S (2CD(TVJla53 CCOOOJ a^CTDJ 0Dl63B(/3 (3TDCr0aJaSd 

2)0(30)1 gjyolaojcTD]. oracanosjajjsl bcdj (3td&j g6n30<6jco>jo 

O-oJCO^CTDJ. SDT3 C/D6DJG(.aJCD6TD(BCQ>0S2<ej2S06)O) BCDJ (3TD&JCQ>2o 
gOTSOdSj^dSj OTOOdD^a&J. C/D6DJo OajglCQ>l(330Dl<TD2 (gTD&JOraTOTGaJOC^ 

ggglro3 CDlcrn^oTgOdSjjcTDj. otdo)] CDC/DldSOjecDJoaS otd&jocd^o 

ODC/DldSOJCTDJ- (^)CT3)2 eC/DaadldSOJCTDJ? L^^l^O^^^lOCrS a/D&Jo. 
(3TDa5)l0D06TD ©6K5)OODo a^CTDJ aJOCO^CTDra). SDT) EJCmjo 2)CD(ro1(03 

OD(22<eo2 caJc3aJlcDljyo1ajoa3 aJos1&JO(arj)OJ6TDo m>i(s> croooro<e«5)i20cQ>l 

aJCDCrOaJCDo d^^^TDjeaJOCOJlCDldSOJCTD]. C/D6DJO OJCD^CDJOC^ 

sdlcb1cq>63B(/3 oJlcroarjjcDlaojcrDj. L^<^l<ej(D6TDoo<e>06rr32 

(mD&JOoJ063B2<ejCQ>2o O-aJCO^CTDJ. (STDOJ BCTDIKjIjCDIcTDJ (2OO00DlO0D 
OJ^OOJ(3K5rj)ljyo1CQ>OCT3 aJOSlf^O«5TOTOJ6TDo (3TdL(CD (B^J(3CTDJO<ej06ni 
BODlODJ G(2O&J0OD0CQ>l (TOJSCSCTD] OJCDJCTD]. 6nno CU^OCDo OJgOCD 
3IOJCDJ0 C/Dl&j1jy0053 a£j)QJ0 OjlaUCO^L^dSjg^GSCO^o CTTJoLCOaOCrOJDOCD 

(20<e>2cro croa^ccol c/D^ODaodSjjcroj. (3TD(£ajo(/3 (stdojoco) aJCDcroaJCDo 

OJ1(/D3I20CQ>1 COJC3(TOl(Dl^yo1CQ>2aD«5)l0D2 0D(22<eO2 C/D<e«5)lCQ>26n30<ej2o. 

sdotIodood ODlc3oJl«5)c3<eo oro(2oco1 a^oDj ajoco^cman. 

m^imo 44. ^«noooDDJ mjojlajaoa ODl^rulajaoa aj (w^om ®- 
oj1d3J(!D3 ajiJSiJptM]. 



219 



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(3Td(3C5_Oo: ri$(U)(Q)0 = (37d(U)J6)c9j06nS, n$OJ = (3)6)07), OVJc93Jl2}- 
Ojlr&KTDO = aVJc9&/00OCQ) OJlr,SKQ)6BlBG<30SJc9>JSlQQ), OVOJlnJO(DO = 

avoJl^JO0av2>owlcQ)jo, ailSojlnJoato ___/ = ail(3qJl^JO0avi2}owlcQ)jo, 

OJJ06)JJ0(U)0 = nJOCQ)6)riJSJ (6D(U)1(U3 (BldS6BBJ(Wj). 

Gfflra3<T_io6TaT5>(OTlan> anjej^aoco) boj cr\)ffloa>\ca>fflo ojl-rrgjo 

oJOtO^CTDJ- (£2C53oJO-T3T3) CU^OCD-TOglrai. OJlo__lCQ20CQ>l crOJ°lc£b0lc£>S) 
6)a_|§ OJCr^JcOOC^ CT\_C2--J63r_gOCQ>l(D2CTD2 SDC0)lC03 CT\>2c£h__l__6TOgOCQ>lol 
i£)S>jarr>J. C3T3(.C3)__0(.C0)(B__ (g@3__jggj. 

(ng((3)o 45. mg Warul^oo.tarjo rdaEJloijOnJ^ajmjanDo 

C3T3(3C0_Do: aVJc9iaJ2)OJlr&ICQ)(U)Jo = WJOmOj7n3JCQ)(UrU>76)q3 

aVJc9i3J0(U), (3tdQJlo(/)nJ(DJOJaV0a>o = 2}JQJinJc9,^(U)7QQ)7(u3 (UrdOJaV0a>7 
cS6)jar>J (l2)JQlinJc9>^(U)7nJ(DjaU)o OVJc9i9Jl2>aVJc9iaJl2}(U)0l2}OCQ)7GnJOc9,jar>j). 

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CT\>2c£h_J(20o(j7)6TOg1(33CT)lCTT)2 CO^S-gBJCTDJ. SDLCBto-SBOS, CBCOa^, 
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O©Cr^C_D0C026TD63T3g2S)S CT\>O2^OC_JCn___)O02oJ2OCQ 'cSTdOJ^cSCOTo', 

'(.oJCDOCDo' o^)CTD GoJCDJc&GgOSJce^SlcO) (.oJc£b^CO)l SDOJ6)CQ__J0o 
CT\)2c£b__l(2C_Jlo__lCQCc£b0SlCQ>lC03 CSTdCTOTCSsoJlcSOJCTDJ. oJJOJoSJCTS C3TdC0)0CQC5) 
C3T3)raT20OJ2 20(.C0)o SDT3 C_jl0J06TD(3TOTlCQ3cr)lCTD2 6_tf1CQ6)o_|§1olc£)6)2CTD2. 

ang((3)o 46. 0)3 r_3]aj mjsn/l^g mjMaJlg 

(3Td(3C5___o: (3)0? = (37_>a/ (aVOj7(U)Sc96) 0)7(3oj7(U)(3c96), OVOJliiJ0(D 

aJlSoJl^JO® av2}0oJ(uru)lc9,(/3), n$oj = (U)6)ar>, av6nj1egs = av6nj1e2 

(6njl9gG(UrU)0SJc9,JSl(X2)), OVl2)OW7s = OV2)0Wl (n§)Or>J nJOCQ)6)nJSJCmj). 

6DT) Cr020Oilc£ba3 oJ<PCQ c£b(3(22-DJ s lg.-3r36)g CD(^1o_|1c£>6)2Crr)1__J. 
C3TdCa)2-)c£b06TTl C3T30JCQj2 G_Jce«5>l CDC03c£bOCT3 c£btf r ICQ2c£bCQ>l__J. o^)CTD0C03 



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(3iraaj6)cft>06n32 Goroocolcso^sngoc&jcm cojsms^raro) 05)0S)<p ajojcm 

0TO2(.K5)63BgOro3 oJOOO^Cmj. 

(ng((3)o 47. (Dloajlajao aooi^mn^^tiii^mir^m)^ 

(3ira(3a5)Do: (vWaJ?jiJO06)6)ajadO0CF3j= ml3aflnJO(Davi2)oafl(X2)l(u3 
a^cusailngi <D6rr30c&>jG(n]ood, mdOD^o(umtruavo38 = nj7(uru)- 

6)6)(D(302)D/JO(U)7odCQ)o ((TV7(3V7c96)J(mj). 

(Tlg((3)o 48. <J2>(5)of3(M (3)(flj) (rJSSlTO 

(3T3(3a51Do: (9^(9) = (37§) nj7(UrU)(UrU)7(u3, irU&6TU)0 = &6rU)0G)o, 
&(U)o@(00 = QQ)LDO(S(U)DI2}Oi(U)o ((UTd)(Q)7(UrU)1(DJ(rDj). 

(grasjrors) ca>2LK5)o sDK5)1s)cn ajlojolcas^cmj 

(ng((3)o 49. (.(/930)3003 aamsamamarg^aa^ml^toJajlewj^a^rtMi- 

(3)j30b. 

(3TD(3a51Do: COdJ(U)0(DJ2!0(D&6rU)0(D0l3J0o = OD6DJ&6rU)0(Do, 

(Uld(DJt2)0(D&6rU)0(Do 6naiGQQ)cB6)0Ud (GI2)(u3rU06rurU) CoJ&6TU)) (3Td(DJ0 = 
@7(mi2)OQQ)7sj6S6S(U)06rT) (aJ)6)(rU)<TDO(U3) OJ7g(/U<t3JOS(U)D(U)JO(U3 
Oj7r&KQ)OJ7G(/Dr&lo6)ca,06rr3 ((UTdOJ^) (3rdGU)OnJ(Ol2)0(Q) Oj7oU(Q)Oj7G(/UoU 

6)(uru) ia)no7cB6)j(rr)(U)j 6)ca,06rri). 

^(Djceoalanosm. croocooosm aJloSdOKsaBsigryol coajas^ raraolojj 
sn§occft>sn§(3) (.^g^cSaiocdjsojo s^osng^o (3ira«5)1ro3 cnlcm^gg 
oiracnjaocno s^osngjo (.^o^osml^^ioo^ 5 <"^^J(Do s^c^osngjao 

cB^Cmj. L<^0l206m1<ft>C120<3 ((3T<))r>J«5)C12lO(3) a^Cmj oJOSTaT3)Oa53 GQQ>0C0l 
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(3TDOJ Lrd0(206m1cft>CIZl0O2S)S C/DnJlDS3BgOS)Smcm2gg SiCm2«5)S)Cm. 

a^)cmoa53 cnajces)^ crojocnjsojajsngoaailraTOTOoaS (.co;;K5)1cft>(/3ces);; 



221 



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aJOld35)0o. 

a^cmo&jjo cdoo Bcmjo (gr3CD2saJljylol6TaT3>l§l6)&Jcm2 ojooo. 
a(j)cmoa53 cdoo raraajooriraS grUGaaala^aajglolceojcmojoco) (sras^cDJl 

tf5)2(BCDJOC/3 (3T3) (.^05)lcft>C/3 aJOOQ>2CmK5)l6)CD (giOmjSOjlcSOOCrS cft><PlOQ>2 
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a£l&J1c05)OK5K5)«5)2l2OQQ> 3lc96)1(33 c&SCTDJ 6).aJ&J2(m(<3)Ocft>2(m2. «DTD 
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(3TD(3a51Co: Gd2)0(/)Oo(/)0(T)J<T^10(r)0(U3 = GQQ)0(D0o(/)6m<3J6)S 

((moj&oo) (U)o&<p aJlaj0?c96)jo) (md(njng/o(n(uru>0(u3 ((m@^oav(uru)0(u3), 

(Urd(/DJlW7dh3JG(V) = (Wd(/dJ(2D7(Q)J6)S ((Wdaj73J037dh§0(Q) oJ6tmJGdh(/D 
6m<3J6)S) dh3J(Q)o (L<&>G(26rO(iQ)J6363 (DOOdo) «D6n30dhJG<nJ0(/3; 

(Wd)a/?aajca>6ujoa(U)g = aj7Gajdh6ujO(U)7 (mjaS rU06ruru) ailGaidh- 

61JJO(U)7) nJ0[ (7U)0O(Q)J@@, &6rU)0(D37aJ(U)7s = &6rU)0(T)(UrU)76)(r3 
[oJdhOOdo ((D6ng0dhjo). 



266 



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snscLpub oJOOKjcmcOT (graoD^sojcoKoco^aoo® ©6i(30om6)(5T5)aJol 

00)0617). ODOo SD(5)2OJ6)(0 L^(WlrLJ03ljy26)cft>06ri§IO2CrD ©6T5)00Do OJ§6)(0 
<D0Q>(3cm CDl&JOOTI&JJggKnOcBDjCmj. (310(3) 0D(2226)S 6DJ2(5lilc05)2 EJd&jBl 

&J06TD. a^cmroS (5ra«5)06rr) ejca&j^o. c/dooIooj^o, aooDorolc&ojjaooo) 

OD1oQ>20D6)(5T5) 0rO0DJO3ld35)2Cm(5)06rD 6iCm026)(5T5) (STDjOJC/O^o. oJl6)Cm 

ord) ojca&J^raTOTlroS cdjjoodjsojo cni£il(D°l@oJlc05)2o. ejca&J^^sro) 

(3T0Ol6T0ir5)2cft><Pl6TaT5)0(53 rJl6)CmQQ>2gg(3) (3T0(5)l6)0D (.nJOoJlceOjaDro)! 
ODJgg 20(3C06)(5T5) (3T0@^Orold35)0Q>(£(K5). 

nng(fiDo 29. (Q)Z]ml(ri)Z](rJ3anr)3(ri)3Z](rj(^ 

(TD303O)e(!D3naJ3aJo(/)3nf)l. 

s 

(3T0(3(5)Oo: Ca>tZCOlCO>2> CrUO6WOa2)O2)CrU(U)JOrLOO0COO06WOCOJOrD 
OVI20CDCQ)8 = QQ)t2o, CrilCWtHo, CrU06W0CO>0l2o, C^-/^)JOrLOO0o, CDO06WO, 
COJOCDo, CWI210CDI 6DOJ, (UldtiaJCD = atf)§, C3TdoCO0CDl = CBtdot063B<306W. 

nrigpo 30. (STOnOlomo (Tuo^aajj^eo)® (smjajaaj^arjol^crinoa 

(0)038. 

(3T0(3(5)Oo: CmnOloCDJO CWCU)^OCDJGCU)CQ) C^2J^^J(3JOrU0?CCOrLOOg = 
CmriDloCDJ, CWCU)Jo, cmCWGCU)CQ)o (c?0On3Jlc96)OCa>2)), C6nj^4-I0jo, 
CSrdrUCDlCCOriOo (30CDo OJ06BB0C&I2)) 6DOJ, CQ)t208 = CQ)t263BOd CUttycBiJCWJ. 

c/DjODGa gqq>oco1qq>oojoci3 ojl^joolceojcm (3TD)(/3 (.cr^loJjojcAi 

OJl^JOOo (STOeC/OoiJo OJlS,1(Olc0S) 617)0. (3TD)(5Y20OJl0D2 OJloC0(£(332lOJ. 
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CQ>0QQ>2o ^1(3T3)CQ>0QQ>l§2gg(3)06rD 2Qj 5353 QJ(Pl (53 CDlcmj 300Do OJ063BJ 
Cm(3). 



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(ng((3)o 31. m3m)G(i(®&>3Qi(\\)iZi(a)3(\)ci\<^\(m3% (wstboAsm 
zirir)3(ajo)o. 

(3TD(3(3)Co: 820(U)7G307)cB>OQ10Vl2)(0)00)aiiij70D08 = 890(3)1 

JSS 

(C6DJ0nJ26W037), G3O0o (nJJ6WJl3JiZ)7 l2J(U)QJ0(O)(U)), cB>0Qlo =(OdJ3 
37aiOV63B03), OV0(D)o ((WcB,QJnJo) 6nai(D)0(u3 G337nj7cB6)6)nJS0(UrU) 
01(0)0(0)1, OV0(3oi3(Dl2)08 = OVO(3oiC(U)7cB>lZ)OCD)7 ((WdO)Jnp7cB6)6)nJSJ(W) 
((O)(Z)037cB>a3), t2nO0COl(U)o = 2)nOOtai(U)o (nJ)(WJnJOCQ)6)nJSJODj). 

6)c6j0&J0CQ>c6j, C(2Onadlc06)OQ®cft>, 30CT)o QJ063B0QQ>cft>, (6DJoi2.aJ(D i < ) o 

sdtj <mcr>ir^ocr>6m<ji o$<jt>i ojjcDjoajoojo, (.<ro1cs»jo cOjjslco^o o^jccnj 
(gr^roiaoajjo gso(3)l e3c/Doajcni£ioc£(3363BC/3 <b>isog><it> oJcd1c/d°1&j1 
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CriltJDKJg. 

(3T0(3(3)Co: O7)ViU0WGOU)0nM(U)nJOVJ0(W^0Gai)O7)J(DCriJ6W7W0O)0O)7 = 
OWnJo (6DJOnOJO3JOU)0OdJ(3V7), OVGOU)0nilo ((U)^nJ(U)7), (U)nJOV 
(Od7G(U)Or£J037 3J03JOVnOO)o), OVJ0(3VJ0(Q)o (Gl2)OcB>3JUdOCOWciJO(Do 
(Urd6)QltB>7(U3 CnJ6W019inJo), ^(DOdJ0CnJ6W7cOO(Do (6DCDOdJ(dO)7(U3 
(W(3qjO(3nJ6Wo) 6D01, 0)7(0)12)08 =0)7(0)2)6(7303 (n0OD GCQ)0tD0oO~> 

aodhjoDj). 

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cft>CQ)0cS>2CTD2. BCDJ ffl£JlCDCT3 BCDlcOOGJJo CCQ)O(/)lCQ)Oc0jCQ)lej. (gr^g^CTOTO 

c/a^n^jajjo cOjJsIgcokcdIc^. cgtaanj (gra^o oJO6T0ra) c/)26TD63Bgoro3 

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(206TT). (3TDjg^CT3)CDC/DT).aJ(£«5T3)OS2 cBj^SOOTOT 6T)JOoD< ) C/DT).aJo 

oolcD^oJGcoJoc^ajjiaocBjjcn)]. 



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d9,63l6)QJ (U)OQJnJ0[ (UrU)0QJ)6363 njl(W G(U)0(WJG(DJ0O3, CoJ(U)loJcAM 
SOOKDo = CoJ(U)loJcaM6m3§0(X2) (mdn07o(rV037d9,63J6)S @0OJ(Do 
(nJ(07aolQJ(Do 6)nJ0^6Wo). 

e29JoJO6T0T3) 0DloJlcft>6)§ (mdS^OTOlceOJCmKnlODJgg goJOQQ)o 
SD(3)06TD. (3T3«5)0CQ)O) 20Dqro1(33 OjlOJODOJ^OTTOTl^ag @0OJl.aJ2 
6)cft>0<S<S2cft>. GEOoadlcOOOODJgg (OTOGJoJOO^o GcTOOODjeODJOC/S (£20o±il 
cftS)0QQ>26)QQ> ((m30nj(£(3)QQ>2oD0(OJ(T5)«5T5)) oJOl ^Jl(TZ5)l.aJ2 6)cft>0j363jcft>. 
300Do OJ063T36TDO o^CTDJCOTOCTDJGODJOaS (3Td05)la530Dl(TD2 OJ"loJ0°l(T5)2OQQ> 

b®2 oj1^joo6)05K5) (3T3K5)16)(t3 otoj2iood«5K5)1«53 20d<to1o53 S)OJ.aJ2 

6)cft>0<SjS2cft>. 

mg(OT)o 34. DJlo)(acrK)3g nDlomjaoaDg ch^chaol^anD^eiaaGl^a, 

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n/JEJ3 <2)(3)1 (rd0)lrdcfMJr33()jnr)0. 

(3T3(3«5)Do: Oj7(U)(3c96)08 = (Gl2)(u3nJ06rurU)) GQQ)OO->ai7G(0OW7d9,630(X2), 
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(6)nJQ^6)nJSOj) c9>0(0l(U)6m3O3 (6)nJQQ)7d96)6)nJSaj) (md(DJGl2)037(U)6m3U3 
((md(DJOJ37c96)6)nJSOJ 6D6m3l6)(D (2)J(WJ Oj7wi2)0(D)7), GQJ0(3GCd9>0W- 
G0OriOnJJ(3q/c9>O8 = 6)c9>0(U)7, GdhOnJo, l2)7LD^0&61U)0(Do 610016)00) 

0j(r3(n7oj(uru)7 Q6rrsoQQ)OJQQ)OQQ)7, 0^3j2i(3Vjow70OC(U)O8 = %gj, agdjo, 

(U)%OJo 6D6m3l6)(D0Q)J6363 l2)0C(U)G(336m3G630SJd9>Js7, 3J86)J0&€1U)0(D0- 
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nDQJ6m36)63 (D(U3c9>J(WJ. 6D(U)7 = nO)(W)6363 Oj7nJ0(0l2)6)C(U), C°J(U)7nJc9>3J 
(SOOJCDo = Oj7nJ(0l(U)l2)OQQ) (mdnD7oOV037cB>§J6)S nJ(07aolQJ(Do. 

6T5)0O3 61(01 <ft>§§° oJOcft>GQQ>0 BOJ cft.<3j3o 26)OO02OJ6)OD6)cftS)O6rir32 
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269 



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aoom. oYloo oroooalejooo) boj ce>ggo ce^sloo^o ce>ggoO)ocm. 

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(T)l63T3g26)S (BODOO ^JOSl Ojl^o. (T)l63B(/3 OTdOTO^OOOO^o OOOJOOJJo 
6)cft>06n§ nJ&J(.oJcft>0O(22gg goJOOQ>63BOg ^1CO)l.aJ0O3 OTdOJ oJeJlOD^ 
oJeJlCOCBOOJOS^ce^Sl (T)l63B§26)S (BODOceOJ (0)6)01) (OTloleTOlTOJ^JOSJO. BOJ 

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colcmj rdlaSoj&JlrjJlceojo. 

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OTdOOlCo: (Urdr>o7oaVOLrU(U)7r>pOCX})Oo = (UTdri07oaVCU)J6)S 

rualcmloicno avtil(diziocn)0(u3 av(u3avar>7a)cv = (3Td6UBl6)a)cu)je363 

GCU)0CD7(D)J6)S I2)jau7(u3, 6)6)QJ(0(U)^OCOg = ((BTd)(Sc96)Jo) OJlGOOWo 
63<Pl6TUTD)JGnJOca>jar>J. 

BOJOT(5)Ct3, (2O0OO0Q>2o S)rdL3QJ~)ceOOjQO)CmjS3S3 LOJ O) (2^53 OJ 000 
OQ>003 OTdOJOCT^ ajOOJloS ©02000 Lce>200rOJ(30QJ63BgOOQ> SOO^ceOCO 
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ce>SJOJ0C0>Jo OTd)SlCT3ce>2§l0Q>2o 0)(22lo3 cS^OTcDOSJo; OTdCBCD^OOD^o 

goj(.3oJlceooQ>l&j. otd) cruclo)1oa)1o8 ojcmoo3 (2olo)cb(2 ordnolocroo 
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(Tlg((3)o 36. 0ri)(iT)j(rJ(il)1ri£3(Q)3o (.cfJ,1(ffi3riJ]m3(<y9(Tl)(5)jo. 

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<rolaolc96)jo). 

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a>2sla»2o boj cft>ggo ojocojcsjcolej. od163b§26>s ojocesileejo 

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a^OTO] oJO6T0T3>0&J2o Cr\)«J)ifflOQQ)1«jr3)1(DJO. BOJOJGODOSJ ODlODcSS)] 

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COTOOlOJo. BOJ C3T3)C^c0€)2 (£(D0CO[206)6m8a>1C03 CSTDOJeODOSJ '(T)l6)C^ 
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63B<3Jo) (T>7Gc9£JclJ63B<3Jo inJ(U) < {c9i9J120c%Jo. 

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aig((3)o 38. ietUamai^i^arn^mo a/l^rua^g 

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®OQQ)0(U$, OllO^OJOSS = 630Ge206T2JQJo (TV7(3V7c96)Jo. 

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m^imo 39. (3i9aJ(ifl((i)aOon(Tui]<sa^ ^(Echuiatiinamjoarijaujg 

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Qj^(uru)oau)&6ru)oa)o g>6nsoca>jo. 

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(22S053 0D°l63T3l(£aJ0ce^o. 

(llg(RRo 55. 0)3«)£TT)3(TD3 *A G(&>3 0^(5)3 00001)8 

(aracSanoo: wo(osrr>oavj = 'a>O(06w'dh§i(uS ((3ro(U)7s)a3 ojcBAJsmo 
6nail rUoocDjo), ma)avs = U}a)av7a)j, gqq)ocoj(u>o nj = gqq>ocoj(U> 
ov7od7cBS)qq)Jo s)4jQQ)janoj. 

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c&iPJCO^O. 

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^GaJ(.(T3l(!D3nT)3o (aJ(5)A,3aD3(0g. 

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ru7au)7(o7QQ)jar>(U)7a)0(u3) iu7(uru)avj(ojrUoa)jcBiO(os 6doj = nj7(uru)(urujls)a3 

aVJ0JrUOa)JcAO0Srr>o GrUOQJJ<3<3 (UrdOJaVOQQ>0Srr>, i<U(U)JOriOO(DS = 
i<U(U)JOaOO0o (nJ)OV (UTdoCOo). 



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nng(flDo i. Gaoaonjoriu^lccmDnii auaoanra. 

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011000)6336310]) 6363 OVJDl(dlcBi(d6mo, W0(d6m0 = W0(d6m (atf)On 
(3Td)O0/2)6)(UrU) OTdoCOo) (3Td)cdyJOnj. 

C/DOlOOTOTlCDJgglG&JO oJJOGCOTOTO «Dgg a$ 6)0)8^1^0 BCDJ OJloSJOO) 
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(i\g((a)o 2. ©p (rdo^oooDchrtnanDOTa ojpono. 

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01)030)18. 

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®oi(U)aJl(dso(rvo = (wjoo))oilnajQQ)o ®ol(U)®oqq)1 GUdr&ilnj, 



281 



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cd^odot^IoS r_g)__J0 ®2nJ63Bg2o aj1§2(_r_JOc9_2(_or_JO(/3 oruaoail 

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= 63(Dj aJlr&i(X2)(uru)7(u3 (QJcdftJj(uru)7(u3) (ai(DjG(njo(/3), (roocwas = 

((Wd(U)7(Dj) (TV '0(0)2)0 (nJ)(WJ nJO(V)J(Wj). 

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cdjostdj c9.osTDl_y1cDlc9S)3crora). cn.J0(2i1cQ)js)s aj^osu^ocno crojeyo cje3l_y1§0c9.jaDj. 



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6nno croatoto 6i(ao<Jb<a®i ojcmj ce^l^roirooraS r_£)__JO croloijtojo 
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Cr_J0ce_6TT)o. 

m^imo 6. 0)014 ^ialtiH^ ojlnniletiDacng. 

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oJlailGWOCDS = irUGcwocoo (ca>(3(W3)ajj0om?). 

SDCT>1 <m<jy>l<J!)%^iQiOQQ)\ B0C.CD0 Cn_j__00D63T3g'lC.__JcftS) OTOoCQ(__6)a5rj> 
ODCQ>lc06)O26)«5)Cm2gg«5)lOD2 BOJ cft>02«5)__JC.L«5). 

^P» 7 - (O)® ™^ ^ ^«JGCUr^g. 

(3Td(3a51__]o: £<V)<33>0 = gJW (WO06WOWJO(D <TV0OW7ca>o3) 2)J(WJo 

njj<3aaji3jg = (aja3rUosiuru)) waoslc&ud (msmj7s)<r)QQ)jo (WdanJcmJJ^ 

(<r0otrU&6KU)0(U) <TVlZOW7cB6)j), (BTd(TU)(0oCOo = (Wd)f3J(TU)0<TVOW<r)6<3T3O3 

<md)c&}jar>j. 

SDQJcftS)2 ^l^l ®><2°, CDlCQ(__o, (3ira)0r00Do, (.f_J06TT)0C0>0(__o 
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cmj, snjcio7(0ocr>o =6njno7(0ocoGi2) ((Bid)dhj(mj6S6jj). 

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avosruau)7cBS)0(U)OQQ)7, (uroau)(d(juoa)o (gcwooH) (3roirU(U)^cB&ja)OQQ)7 
(uru)i(ojar)j. 

COQ>OCOlc06)2 SDOO (22Ol0Q>26)S (^cftOTfDilo1cftS)2(B0DJ0Cr3o)6)(TD (Df2226)S 

3^oadloQ>1a536)oJsoa5)oojoa3 cft><ploo>2o. (5iraoQ>o(/3 ojo(t^ojot(5)1o3 oraoJtos 

(DlODJ f2O6T0T3)2(BriJ0cft>2CrDl&J. oJl6)(TD(£0Q>0 eOJOTOTOJo OTdOQ>06)g 
cft>O6TD]cft>0Q>l&J. COOJOOTS)l6)(T3 O^oJOJ^o COOJOOJJo el(TDOJ(r^cftS)(/3 
GoJ06)QJ OTDjcB^Cmj. O^oJOJJo O^oJJSOJlcaS^Cm OJOT^OJJo <30J(30)lo1cftS) 
(3Tf5)cS6)OJ6TDf22gg 0r0f20OJl6DJ&Jo <30Q>OCOlcftS)2 OTOl(5lilc05)2(BODJO(/3 
(20(O)(£f2 OTDO^ OTOOOL^aOOJJ a^CmjggO) (oJ^^t&o 630(3f22ilcftS)6TDo. 
(3T3(Bo_|0C^ G0Q>OCOl OirdO)l(B(T203 0rOo0Q>f2o 6).aJ0Q>2o. gS(T3 O^aJ 
(.COnD6TD(/Dc0O)lc06)2 (.r>JK5)lSDJO)JJo g6D§Ocft>2o. cft>0O6TDo O2oJ(.C0riD6rD 
COcftO)l O^oJOraTIODJo (^^® ^^ 31 ^ "^ K5)l22i1&J2gg OrOo6DJ(DJOOTf5)lo3 



291 



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(T)lcm26n30cft>2mD(OT. gjyolaojcm ojOceo^c/S Gca>a3ce6)O(0>Oca>2cft> 

«5)JS63r3lCQ)2§ga5)Jo 6DK5)2<3oJ06)&J 6j f DriDl.Qj | j6)ca>063630o. 

(llgpo 23 - G(TlDnJ(ifljlZlo nrjl(0gaj(jfl>l2o aJ chto]. 

0)«JTl)o(IDZl3f3nJ{a3(ra)SSra)3(T)o, OTuOlGnJJG^a OJ3. 

(5td(3(3)jjo: c&Som = (ggadoauKDd&^anaooa)) c&>3(2Wo, GcworUit&aio = 

(UTd)(/DJriJJGQJ0a2J6)Jo (GOJ(/)(UtU)l(U3 n£)QjlcB6)jar>(U)), OJl® >JnJ[ca>0o nJ = 
nJ](OnnGQJOaZJS)Jo (OJ<36)(D O)0(/36)ca,06n3J nnQjlcQ6)JOT)(U)) 6D63B6)a) 
((06X13) (3ld)cB>jaT)J. (U)(Un)od2)(2)0(U3 = (UrdLnJca,0(dl2J6363 cB,Sl2)2)6UB§l(U3 
OVoQQ)l2)o 6)nJd2)(U)0(U3, (3rd«flGri9JG(3^0 OJO = (Uld6)£JcVil(U3 (UTdOlnM 
6UB§l(uf OJlOT) (<D(DriOljiJ0(u3) (3rdoJ0OaU)&6TU)Oa)o = 2)06WcB,OQJ 
6)(UrU)rijgl 6)J6WJJ](U)I2)0(V) (3rdOlOJJ6n30cB>Jo. 

GCQ)OCOl cft>(3(2263B§26)S(£(2a53 (3TD(3)0CQ>(3), aCDCnil&JJgg gDGriJOOS 
Wpriial^l6)c9>06V6}(t)}cd®l<rr)(r?>lo, (£(2(33 OJ^OoJOlryOOS (STDOJCTDOo 

CruralcS^dl^^c^oerTglolce^jaTj^aoco) (TUocrocaooerogjos <32(33 

CrUoCQ)2o 6).aJCQ>(3)0(33, (3TD) (3Tdj(/)0(2l (Lrd(3)1ca>9d1.ryl(0lcft©2(TD) 

(n)ocroca>o(D63T3a3ajtflcQ>ocQ)l oocdIcoo oj1<poci3 CoJOcaijcnoan 

<^G<TJ0«>06)6m(TT) r>lj)(£riJ0a3 ri$(3)2 26TT)lc95)20lro3, r>Ij)(TD2(30J6rT3 

a®(3)J (Dl2lo9J(3r5)l(33 (3TD)6rD (aolceOJCTDOJ) a^ODJcaiJSlcOJJo (STOOlcO^o. 
2(06rDca>0&J©6T0)0(D6)(3T5) oDlCBJceoaS OJ&JICO) caOCD^EOCO)! OJl.aJ0CDl.ry2 
OJCOJCrDJ. cft>0(D6TDo (.oJCQ>06TDcft>0&J6)«5Ta) OJl.aJO(D63Ba3 (3T0S;;(5T5) 
g3(T26)(5T5) (n)J(Djr>J1ceS)j(TD(T5)l(DjS363 OJ&jlcO) aDce«5)lcft>f306)6TD(TD2 (30)OJ3 
0)1(3) (30)1(03 grd(B3aolcef3)6)rLjSl(Dlce5)2(TD2. 



(3ra®1n9dS3T3C/3 (3T3fiU^0«rao, (3raCJUl@;jro)o, (3raCJUlS)S)30Jo |DS3T3S)(T) EJCrDJ 

ailcjDo. s)iijans)nJ0(5T3)1cQ)0(a3 2ij<Pc96)o dca>cr3c9S)OCQ)ca> mjcnejocojro), 

aj1ca>j(3)02oJ63Ba3 ca>osrDjca> mjcnejocojra), s)nJS)§0D rrui(3c/)03l3(3cra(Do sdoj 

CQ)lT)0Cc9>iao 3^n^0rra)S3T3C/3. 



292 



(D083(8(D)OC/>o oJOleOrtad 



(Tlg((3)o 24. fi)fi)0((a)33l(iM3 fiTUEJ3(Tfl. 

(3Tf)(3(fJTOo: 6)6)2)t(U)037r&IJ = 6)6)t2)t(U)7, 2)J3l(U)0, «DGnJcB&J, cB,(0J6W 

6D<u(X2Jl(u3 (avo02)i2)o6)4j(ri)(U)0(u3), 6njQJoail = ailt(U)(U)Jo ®j(U)QJ002)ai 
02)7(38 aucB(U)7 aiSaulcmjmoj. 

(Tlg((3)o 25. GnJG&JnJJ^ nD(TjilfiTlJEJ3(3l(T)l. 

(3Tf)(3(fJTCo: 6nJGQJn3JJ = OU(07(OOUcB(U)7cB,§7(U3 ((TVo02)l2)o6)iiJ02)(U)0(u3), 
aO(njl6njQJ03la)7 = (3Td)(n 2)J(U)QJ0O2) e2(TU)JcB6)<3J6)S 6WQJo 

(<D6n3oaijo). 

(B03>0COl 0TOo0Q>(2o 0rO0Uil.aJ2 da>«>l6TfJrfJ)0(fj3 6T)JGJl226n§0(Bcft>6TT)6)l2Cm2 

(3T3)(.a)fidlce6)2orDj o^aTlroS (3ira)a">Qa>26)s a^aHroS (31©)(doq>26)s 

6DJ^(fJTfJ)l(fj3 0TOo0Q>(2o6).aJ0Q>2(B(DJ0(/3 (310 «5)1 6)0^ 6DJGJo (3Tf)0Q>O(/3ce6)2 

cnilaiila^crDj. 6iO(B0O02(fjTfj)06)cr3oQ>2o «DgglajS (srcgajlejo^Tjrrj) 

(/Dtf<fJ)lcft>(/3 g6TTS. CgiO(fJ)l6)(D OrOJOCD°l(Dl20cQ€)0(DjS3g3 (20(3C0o 

(310dl6T7JTfJ)0(fj3 (2(5)1. (B0Q>OCOl (TJlOOTlODJgg (/30(0T^o 

ce^ertsjrJlsl^ylolceojcrDj. 

(ng((3)o 26. (rdm^tara^aeEjachnr^anTja^ (ngWizi aj^ajaolttj) 

OJl^rdth^ n±J SST3)3(T)o. 

(3Td(3(51Co: t^™^(®®>S OGQJOdhcr> S 0aVO(U fi = G^0(U)7n3J2)(U)7 nJ)(WJ 
2)J(T3 nJQ6rurU)7sj6iSi (&6TU)0(naj7GOdnaJi2)0O2)) t^J^U(^>702>J6)S 

(3Td)GQJ0cB,(UrU)76)(T3 (trUcBiOOU(UrU)76)(r3) (nsocroo (oj7niJ02)63B§lGQJ 
cB6)J6jSj (rilG02)0eg(no) 6)cB,06ni, (TVJcB^(2)OJSaJnD7(U)Oj7tnJcB,^n^ 
&6rU)0O)o = nJ(0l2)06WJcB6)o3, (3Td)OJ^(U)63B03, (3Td(U)73J(0(TVnQJ63BO3 
6nOJ02)JGS (TVOcBMO(U3cB,O0o Q6TTS0cB,Jo. 

aD^3a»(fJTfJ)l6)£J C©^0(5>1a9dffl(5>l afj)OD L<^c^0(/D(fJTfJ)l(B(T2(fj3 CrOoOQ>(2o 

6)^jcx»(fj)0(fj3 (BOQ>o(/ilc06)2 (3ira(5)l32©(T\ic63B§ooQ> ajor^2a5)(/3 a^sloajjo 

cft>06TT)OOOcft>2o. (3Tf)(fJ)O0Q>(fJ)2 (310ailc^32O(B3(/D(fJTfJ)l(fj3 CDScOOJCnD^o 



293 



(D0SS3GC2)0</>o oJOleOrtad 



sdsqq>1(33 (2&Jcft>a3 ajcmejoco) (.^J^1sry^J063Bgoro3 aocjajoajs.csijiaoco) 
croogoj63BC/3. (3ta«5)loro2«ejdi2i20CQ) ojcr^jceoc/o sdoj cSijslcojjo 

cft>06TDOOOOJ2o. 

nng((a)o 27. r^ajmssrawoDo mgGOj (TUotiDKJoi) 

(3To(3a51Co: (WJG0J = (3Td)37(U)J8h(U3, OVo(Q)2)0(U3 = OVo(Q)2)o 

6)nJ(^jar)(U)j6)dh06TT3, <3jaia)&6ru)oa)o =avdhoi <3jaia)(uru)76)a3(Q)jo 

&6TU)0a)o (<D6n30dhJ(TT)j). 

flTg(fl))o 28. aJG(fl3 0)3«)Djynr)SSra)3fl)o. 

(3To(3a5)Oo: nJGi(B = nJC(T38h(U3 (oVo(Q)2)o 6)nJQQ)(U)0(u3), (U)O(0O- 

ajjjnD&6ru)oa)o = mdh3JC(U)i26mvQJ6)(uru)rijgl(X2) afl&6ru)0(r)o. (av7au7 
sojanoj). 

m^imo 29. (0)3 goj O)o5(/)0)1ssra)3fl)o 

(5To(3«5)Oo: iWJGOI = CWjaj(T)dMJC(U)(UrU)7(U3 ((Wo(Q)2)o 6)nJQQ)<U)0(u3), 

(U)(u3(/)(U)7&6ru)0(T)o = a)dhJJC<u)63B<3j6)s nJQja)6)(uru)njg7QQ) ai7&6ru)oa)o 

((D6TT30dhjar>j). 

fllg(0)o 30. fl)3f3VlG(cfc ch3(ID(Tjynr)SSro)3fl)o 

(3rac3a5ico: aooslnJGidh = mos7i2)6rrwQj(uru)7(u3 (avoQQ)i2)o 

6)nJQQ)(U)0(U3) dh0QQ)aJJJnD&6IU)0a)o = Od(d7(d°QJSO)6)(Q) aVo6T2Jaw7jiJ 

ai7&6ru)oa)o (<D6n30dhjanj). 

AlgP» 31. ch£lT)c9>2 GnJ cM^(ffl)rJlrd3(Tl)3fll1m^«)r7J)lg 

(3To(3a5)Oo: dh6g)dhJGnJ = (U)0QJJ2)]QJ(UrU)7QJje363 dhJ<P7(Q)7(U3 

(avo(Q)2)o 6)nJ(Q)(U)0(u3), dhJjj(u3ai7nJoavoa)7ai^(uru)78 = a/Jadn/jo 

eOnDOIJo 2)0d7GnJ0dhJo. 

(msp<roQi(iD^(jm>](j5?> oJlc/oaj^ Gc^ocrrtoocaS c&6Tj)ce>2aJcrooQQ>[2o 
6)cft>06ni <mcs)i aoolGajoajjanraj. 



294 



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(ng(0)o 32. da^ (5iazinr)3(UJi3o oonriiDO^o 

(310(3(0)00: ca>J(302(VOCLVJOo = riOi3(W(UTU)lQJ)6363 ((3td>m GnJ06)QJ 
QQ))6jSj (r>0(w7QQ)7(U3) (WoCWlDo 6)nJ(U)(U)0(U3, 6)6)(TVJJ0Jo = (Jd0l0(UTU)7(DJ 

ailmjoKU) ((rtilaulcmjanj). 

(Tlg(0)o 33. 0^fUL)G^3O)l(i±l1 (TDlf2Jl)(30W)(T)o. 

(310(3(0)00: (2J(3(3VG&JO(U)7naj7 = UU7<d(TV7G(T2QJJ<3<3 G&JO(U)7(TV7(U3 
((TVoQQ)(Do 6)nJQQ)(U)0(u3), OV7 003(3000)0 = (TV7aU(T20(DJ6)S inJ(U)^cB£Jo 
(<D6TlG0c6>Jo). 

0)51(51)0210(3 G(pJ(a)63B6)§tf6)0(/3 (3T09JoJo <D0Q>(3OD (Dl&JOOTI&JJgg 

(gTdjajiaoaogosrn. eoo>ocol ^(Sdooojlojjgg (.c^ce>oaaa5ircxflcazia$o 

OTOoOQ>(2o 6).aJOQ>2(£Or)JO(/3 O51O0Q>O(/3ce6)2 SDOJ6)0) IclKS)^ c£>4J[20 03)1 
cft>06TD0o. 6DOjfl6)S 0rol(UXT2)O(3 o^ODJ oJO6T0Ta)(OT 2^^005)0210 6) a)a_|OlOQ>OJ. 
0?10) (5Td(3(3)D(3TS)l(33 SDT) r>J3o oJ&JGriJO^o goJCOQ)OCOlc06)OO26n3. 

(Tlg(0)o 34. (rd3(3)1(33(3j3 (TTJOOJo. 

(3Td(305)Do: OJO = (BTd6)Qlba>7(u3, inJ0(U)7S0(U3 = inJO(U)7So (inJ(U)7S0 

(rvoQQ)i2Kuru)0(u3 (Tv7ao(20c3>j(m (U)0(0cB>o nj)(m &6tu)0(r>o) 6)cd>06ns, 

OV!(3oJo = ng)QJOo (gQQ)0CO7 cB>06mj(mj). 

G(2K33<TJ06TaTa) OTOl(ll51cft>(/3 n|j)OJ0o (pJ(3)l@ (gTd6)GJfflDl(03 oJOlC/D^ODO) 

6)cft>06ni, ©6TOToaoojoaooo©1(aT5)°l(3cn) bo^ojooj boj otoooo^ojjo 

cft>2S06)(0) (O)6)aD0Q>2o g6TT§Ocft>2aD2. m>(JT>l «O^OJaS (.<tJK5)1@3)>26)S a©2 

<doq>(3od a)lGJ0Q>l(a3 o^otot^godjoc^ §6^30^0005)060). raraeryoc/S 
(gTdoo>oc^c06)2 oj&Jloo) icLi<a>o<ji)o orolaiilc^jaDj. o^gjo ojor^jc^gjo 

(gTdOQ)OC^c06)2 (.^^t^USOSTD- OrOJSOCOJOD 05)6)01) a£j)OJ0o O5TO0Q>O§26)S 

mjauloS cotoodjo. oroooo^ojjo aojo eor^o ajiojojca^eiloj. 

(Tlg(0)o 35. aO^OGO» aJl(5T3)(TDoOJlOO 



295 



(0082C(3Q)0(/)o oJOleOrtad 



(3T3(3(mCo: nD^3GQQ) = nD^3QQ)(UrU)7(u3 aVoQQ)(2)o 6)^JQQ)(U)0(U3, 
iU7(UrU)aVoOj7(u3 = aVJrU(0nD^3QQ)63B§J6)S GSWOWo <D6rT30c&>jaDJ. 
(aVJnD^3QQ)(UrU)76)QJ OJ0OVa)cB>G§QQ)Jo <U(0nDi3QQ)(UrU)7QJJ6363 (0001031 

aj^(uru)lcB,G§QQ)jo (urdolQQ)jar>j). 

nngpo 36. mm^®£<MGW3®(®j>(W3(w&\(bsmGm% 

^o^dJJssrmanDo. 

(3K3(3«nDo: (3rd(U)jau)oavsa>WsroGCQ)og = sisjo avosruawi2flQJ0(uru), 

aV(U)JrUJ(0JnSJGQQ)O8 = aV(U)J(UrU)7a)Jo rUJ(0JnSJO)Jo (U)02)7(U3, irU(U)^QQ)0- 
OJlGOOnUS = GOJ(d(U)7(07i}JO7QQ)0QQ)l2) ((OSrTSJO 63aD06)6WODJ§^ iSCSo) 

G@ooi8=avjs)J3j8S)Joa)j@ojo (urd)cAjar>j (avjsiJ3j8S)Joa)jisoJsma3cBS)j 
ca>o(Dsrr)(Z}OQQ)l(Dlcas)jaT>j n$)ar>j (U)oqj/U0Jo), rU(oo(3(umo(u3 = (3roa)j 

irUGQQ)0&O)l2)0QQ) (3rd(U)7(U3a)7aDJ (s7ODl2)0QQ)), OVJ0(3(UmaVQQ)l2)0(u3 = 
aVJO(3(UlD(UrU)l(U3 (iU7O2)0i(U)l2)0QQ) (3Td(U)lS)a3 aVJ(0JrU(UrU)l(u3) OVoQQ)I2)o 
S)iUQQ)(U)0(u3, rUJ(0JnSJ&6IU)0a)o = (3rd)(UWaV0cB&10(u3ca>0Oo (<D6rT30 

Jhjcmj). 

nngpo 37. o)0)g (rd3«n1f3((i()3ajsinr)Gaj(i(ir)3(3(a(^3(Ti)j3(3l aj3(5oT3)3g 

^3(Q)G(ra). 

(3T3(3(mCo: (U)(U)8 = (3rd(U)7(U3 'oilOD (nJJ(OJnSJaVJ(OJnJ OVoQQ)l2)(UrU)7(U3 

ailar>), inJO(U)7@iaoooj6WGOJ3a)03(SoDoavjo37 ojo(3(uru)08 = irUO(U)l@ 

63B<30QQ) (Gl2)(u3rUOSrurU)) inJ(U)7lSQQ)7(U3 O)70DJ OV7OD7cBS)jaDOJQQ)0QQ) 
iODOOJSWo (iO0OJ6WinJ(U)JcBa/o 37OJJ0O(Q) aVnJ(3O0aVJ6)Jo I2)J(U)Q10 
QQ)Oj) (3Td)3(3(JDo (3(SO0O)o, inJ(U)JcB>9Jo, 37ojJOJaVJ3(3O0O)o 0J(U)QJO 
QQ)Oj) (3rd)OVJ03o ((0OV(D inJ(U)JcB>±/0, 37ojJ0aVOaVJO3O)O37) OJ0(3(UrU)0 
(i°QJ06WinJ(U)Jc3i9Jo, 37ojja)OU>&6rU)0a)o l2)J(U)Q10QQ)Oj) 6D(U)JcB>o3, 

£30QQ)Gau) = jD6nG0dhjar>j. 

mgpo 38. go) nruzD(i)30J3ajnru(5(ij)aJA^(inc3<S(Ti (nMjjaDg 



296 



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cgracScoico: G(u> = (moj (Gm(u3rU06ruru> avlavlc&,o3 n^oioo), 
av®owv = av®owlcv)l(u3 ((urdavoirU&6ru)0(U) ovi2owl(wl(u3), 

QrUOV(ScO08 = i<U(U)l6njaW6UB(/3 ((3ld)6W), OJ^J(U1DOGO) 

6njrLol(302j6iJoajavna2)l(u3 (avizowl ojlslsj00 (mojavnoQ)l(u3), 
avlavQQ)8 = avlaulc6i(/3 ((urtyocDlolca&jawj). 

gqq>oc/51 ojTjdaric&aroj&JOTBC/S o^&joo cgraoloo^crrri a^ailroS csracayi 
crocayicaraAc^cr^ (6tu2(5ij1qq>26)s)qq>2o (3T3)ajT!20QJl6)a^QQ>2o ce^(3ajlca3cnlcrTXi 
aj®2cm(OT06rn. csrdC5>lcBa2iC53 (c3raca)0QQ>ca), cgraaj c^^^l^ 

C3K3)Cai2OaJ2(21O0Q>, 06T132 @1cmaJ30(3(01O63T3g06)6mcm2) CT\>oQQ>(2o 
6).aJQQ>(a)0(a3 C3T3)Cai2©6Ta)0CD(226n§0c6D2o. C3T3Ca)lC03CDlCTT)2 ClJl(BaJcft>o 

gensoce^cmj. aJlcajcft>o g6rr30cn>oca3 (ajtftfl@ <^)<^d cgraca^crcnaocn) 

C3T3)Cai2(.riJcft>0(/Do CnilOlJlcSOJCrDJ. 6nno Cnilf2l51cft>C/3 a^&joolcn^o 

(2°l6)ca)0Q>2gg GJcS^d^coTOTlcn, c3raca)ocn>ca) gaJoailoaDlccncnoco) C3T3)CCn20aJl 
6)cr3 ©6ra)ocncara)lax]o, ajacaAces^o L<^^l^<™D63T3gOcft>2cnxi. sdoj 
aocSc^aaD^carOT^ajcTDj GiJCDjcmajocDGi.ca). cqq>oc/51 C3raaj6)oo> ca)gg1 

tfS)g6T3Ta)OCa3 a^OOJ^o ajc&gl&JC^CaTa) GJcSiU^ (01(0)1(03 a^COKDJCmj. 

csiraaj6)cn> crocnjoalajocrS caoaaljyocaS G(2GJCaJO§2gg coco)l (0)S6toto)2 

(BaJ0c&QQ>2o &^(^l<Tr>l. 

m^imo 39. snjcnijchasTsmsTSTWTiJilEJiatacj (rJrdataniJoGajRorwaj 
ajlortnmji ^(MltMeaj^g 

csracScaioo: 6njawca,o(06W6)6)(/DLDlQj^o(u3 = GBnOoslaomcojruaooo) 
6waw(uru)la)j cao06W0oa2>l0lc96)jar> c&$tz)2(uru)l6)a3 caa/c&o 
(av2)owlnJ(dl(/dlQja)(uru)0(u3) <D6nsoca,jaT>(u>j6)ca,06nsjo, jul(uru>avj = 
®a)avla), irUnJO(oavoGOJ3a)0(u3 iu = (avizowl6njQJo 6)cA06ns) 

Ojln3J02>63B<BlG£Jc96)J aV6rWJ(Dlc96)jaD(U)l6)a3 ®0(5tD63B6)<3 aVo6nJOWlj2JJ 

(urdolojj6nsoca,jar>(U)j6)ca,06nsjo, ruaudolooGoicms = iU0c&oa2> 
irUGOjaoa)o a$)an avlaol ((ma)^azo(oj6)s ®«>1iiJG(u>o eslojliulol 



297 



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cB6)J<rDG(U)0 (3Td)QQ) OU<d1<d(UrU)l(U3 irUGOJOdl^J GnJr&ilc&6)J(m(U)l(DJ 
6)6)OJSOJo) <D6TlS0dhJ(rDJ. 

cco)oo51ces>2 O)oo3 eoj c/do°1ooo>1o3 oj^OoJcdI^ 6>cft>06ri3lo1cftS)2 

GCTUO^o (26)0002 (2^0)C/DO°1000)lo3 (.oJCOJC/dI^IJ OTDO)l6)CD ge€3°l0j1 

ojl.aJ.j cro6T3ucDlfyic06)OCT5 cBdsHctdjo. OTDO&jaTloS ©loiljylcDlcSojcm 

65CDOgl6)CT3 C/D0°l0OO51o3 0)6)CTD (oJG!OJOal.aJ OTDOOJOgJOS 6D(03lCQ) 
0DcftO51cft>6)g O^oelajl.aJJ O)o3cftS)0&Jo C3TDj 0DO°lOo OJ<Pl OJ^OoJOl 
oJOCDJo c&aHCDJJo. Lod<&iC5)1r^O;}ri9dOJlg96Tci>OCno g6rr30cft>2CJCT)J0O3 
(3TD)6TT) <JQQ>0O51cftS)2 OTDO)] CT^OOD^aOce^CTDO). 0)CDlcftS)2 (26)O0O0gl6)CT3 
ODOlOOTcriloS (.^<SOJC/DlcQ6)6TD6>l2CTD2 <JO)0CrnilQQ>0O3 OTD) C/DCD°1(DK5K5)1 
<JCT203 Cr0oQQ)(2o 6).oJQQ>O)0O3 OTD051o3 (o-ICBOJODlcftS>Oo. r^)CTC5>26>cft>06)6n§ 
CTD0O3 <JQQ>0O51cft>g26)S (2O)(oJcft>0Oo OTDjOY^OOJJ (20(O)(2&J ECDCD^o 

crocSojoj^OoJc^aoeTD, croaoiil acDcnilocrS otdoc/di206td. r>^)63T3l6>CD 

OTD)0Q)0&J2o aCDCDJlCDJ CrolOO^J&JCDo OJ<p1qQ>0<JQQ> c/do°1ooo)1o3 
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cftS)C/3 OJ<p1Q0>0QQ>1 OJ^OoJOloJOCDJo 0DcftO)l g6n30cft>2o. 

nngpo 40. (Dmrn^trjjas^mrdOjchoracMRl^jriTjoa) ^o5(c9>3rra)1- 
u&j. 

OTD(3oiDo: <D30(De2QQ)0(u3 = <D30(D<r3 nJ)<TD inJ06TD6)(D (T)l(U)l2(Do 
6)nJQQ)<U)0(U3, &QJnJ£a>c%6r7Sc9>037niJJ = 6)OJ6jSjo, 6)nJ<3l, 0J&&, 
®J(U)QJOQQ)OJQQ)1(U3, (WdtTOoOJS = <rVnl<3(JdlcB6)0QQ)(2), <D(u3ic9>0<rU)l(®J = 
<D(U3ica,®6mOJJo (inJQQ)06rDcA0QJ(UrU)J inJ06TD6)(r3 Gc%Od0nO7<U)0O(Q) 
GOJ(3nJ0SJo) &)6rT3Oc0iJ(rDJ. 

S)30CDCr3 ri^CTDO)^ C/DJOCTOCJcft>OC/D6)00>QQ>2o OTDCOTIcDJ <J(2O3<JriJ0S,2 
gg C/D0°106>00> E^OJCDJo <J.aJri9d1a]lcftS)2CTD CrolOO.aJ&JCDOJ"l<JODri9d 
EOcB^CrD^ OTDO)l6)CD CrOJOCD°lCD(20cftS>10Q>003 ODOlOOTcrilCDJ OJ&JJCOTOOO) 



298 



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DJOr^eJOJo OrolODlcSS^o. (@QO>(2J6TT80COfl(o1ceaCO>lej). (3ToK5)26)cft>06rT32 
6)OJ<3<S(oTO)l(33 (OTO^O^IColcO^o; EJgglcaa&JJo QJ0gl6)a^ OJOCOil&JJo 
ODSc0S)Oo; (oYlcoJlejJo (20Jo (DIoScSOOo. 

(Tlg((iJ)o 41. (TWD(T)92(Xl)3ffi^J&J(T)o. 

(3ira(3a5)Do: avi2)o<r>e3(Z!)0(u3 = (avi2oa)ioJ06W6)a) avoca>tzar>o 

6)nJCQ)(U)0(u3) SgJOJOlo = <D&&]Q]0)o (<D6n30c&>Jo) G(U)G&0OJJ0aJ(U)7 
CQ)0(U3 GCQ)0O)7 <D&£3]Ql7cB6)Jo). 

«5)oa3 ojl^Joolc06)2(B(Tuoa3 (3)6)0$ oooloraraAraSaTlarnj e(OTSqnJl6)a$ 
SJ0&Jcft>a3 ojjoe^rysjo. 

(ng((5>° 42. e^apachac^eaiJa^o^nriuaiJoaiJaa^aj^o 

e((/u3((3)o 

(5Ko(3«510o: GiOdOi(U)OdhOOdGCQ)Og = 6)nJO]7(XDJGSCQ)Jo (UldjdhOOd 

(uru>7Ga3(XDjo, avo6njawavo(XDt2)0(u3 = avo6wau)(uru)7(u3 avo(XDtz)o 

6)nJ(XD(U)0(U3, OlOJJo = (Urd0Oa)Jn3JlZ)OCQ), GiOd0i(U)o = GiOdOGi(U)i037(Q)o 

(av7ao7cmjanj) (37ojjod6nj6mo3 Gdhodcmjmooodhjanj). 

(3K3)cft>0(/Do, (.<^>OJ(B6TT)(.a3lQQ>o snOJCQ>l(B 02(33 Cr0oCQ>(2o 6).aJCQ>(3)0(oi) 
GCOJOCOlceOJ alOJ^EOOO) (.<^>OJ(B6m(.a3lQQ>o <D6TT30cft>2o. «5)0O3 a£j)&J0 
Oo6nJ63B§2o (Bca)(/3c05)2o. <i$)i(JT>QQa)0 a)0<Plcft> (3Tocft>6)GJ a^OSmleJJo 
C/D6T)J(226n30cft>(BOQ>0 OTOoOTOO(o1c06)(BQQ>O 6)^JQ®«5)0«53 (Bcft>(/3ceS)Oa3 

oroouilaojo. 

(Tlg((3)o 43. c9>3(Q)3c9>3(^e(Q)3(T^oQfTJ(lf1JJ(TlJo(!l)Zl3|J^JlJ3 «J>^ EJ- 

(TT)03fiJ«5To)1(jaJ3crh3(iu(J)Zl(T)o. 

(3To(3051Oo: dhO(XDOd%OOUG(XDOS = OU(07(0(UrU)76)a3(XDJo (WtydhOOU 

(uru)76)q3(Q)jo, avo6njau)avo(Q)0O(u3 = avo6njau)(uru>7sa>(u3 ovo(XD(2o 

6)nJ(XD(U)0(U3, QJ^QJJ(U)JQJOVl2)OoJ(UrU)7s = QJ^QlJOJOCQ)7(07cB6>jar> (U)JQJo 
(nJ6rUIU)7) (2)J(U)QJ0CQ)OJGCQ)0SJ OV02)Jo inJ0nj7cB6)jar>(U)J6)dh06nG, 



299 



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(3id><&>oadCO(2i(r)o = (md)c9Doadav6mjo0o (&ju<sg ar)(U)la)j6363 avlavl) 
<D6nsoc9>javj. 

C/D0°l0KM)l6)a^ oJ30(3C3)Oo (3T^cftOC^(206TD. C3TD)cft>0C/Do (310(3)16)0^ 
BCDJ oJOl6TD0(2(BS3K5KJ)0ro3 CWOlO(20CQl(3TtJ)1(3CTDlo1cftS)CQOcft20D2. 

GCQ0C/51 6Dno (3T^cft0C/DrU30(3(^(5TTJ)1(BO2CCj3 Cr0oCQ(2o 6).aJCQ>CCJ)OCCj3 
(m^cftO(/D(3TfJ)l6)a^ &jr^CO)Jo C/DCDlCDCrJTTDlOT} a\51(51Jlc0S)2o. C3TDCCJ)26)cft>06ri3 
(3TD)cft>OC/DCOTrj>26)S r^)QJl6)S(Q>2o (BrjJOOJOOS (3TDCQ>O(/3c06)2 c03«nQQ>2o. 

(ng((3)o 44. enjnOlOchd^rJto ^(tJYarltonDaajlGGnDo, 

(3)0)8 (rdc9>3(^3DJ«)nT)aAl(IDg 

C3TD(3C0)Oo: 6TUriDlS = 6)aj§lQQ)l(U3, (3rdc9>eJnJl(U)0 = c9>£Jnjl(U) 
QQ)QJO(UrU), ((/D(Ol(OOnDc9>0(OG(UrU)OSJc9>JS06)(U) CnJaj(3(UrU)lc96)J(W), 

a/j(uru)lg = njl(uru)ai^(uru)l, ®nDoail($3nDo = (®nDoail($3nDo n^anj 
njaayjaDj), (U)(U)s = (urd(U)l(u3 ailan ((m(U)l(u8 avoQQ)i2o 6)hJqq)(U)0(u3), 
tnJca,o(/doaj(D6mc9£j(n)8 = inJc9>oao(uru)l6)a3 (inJcSiOuoojnJtaooo) 6njjaol 
(rv(U)j(uru)l6)a3) Gc^c/oo31c9>§oqq) ®jsqjjc9>(/3 a)(/olc96)jar>j. 

(2O)0"0 (310(3)16)0^ EWUS^CCJTOTOCOi) CSTDCOTJ SDT) C/DOlO(5TtJ)1CCj3 

aj^OoJocDlcSojaDj o^odj ajl^JocDlcecojcm]. ecdcto arocSojoj^OrJlcoJo 

6)6TD8ft.1CCj3 6TTJ)0O3 a^)CTC5)26)cft>06ri§ BCDJ Cn)1O0OJ^riO(5TtJJlCCj3 (20(.C5)o 
6T1J(H)CD0CQ>1 O)lGJc06)Cn>2o BCDJ C/DOlOCOTTJJlCCjS (20(.C3)o C3TD@1(20O)o OJ.OJ2 
6)cft>O6n§l(Dlc06)CQ>2o 6).aJCQ>6TDo. BCD] cft>OCD6TDOJ2[2lej. (BCQ0C/)1 C0)O)1cftS)2 
SDr>9d(20CQ 3lcftS)l6)eJGJ0o 6Trj>003 a£)CTD SOOJo ((3TD)Cm!20Sl(20(Do) 

6)QJcS6)2ajocT3 (siOjLCPriolas^oDj. (®®(&>l crooail^ cft>a>l6T0Ta>ora3 

(.oJcft>OC/DCD2r>J(20CQ> CT\>(3)JC!5rj)l6)CT^ C3TD)OJCD6TDo ((20) n£)GJ0o 6)oJ0CQ) 
Gr>J0cft>CQ>2o n£)GJ0 C3TDO\JUcft>OCDOJ2o CSTDSSTOTOCDOJJo (2O6T0Trj)2 (BoJ0cft> 
<Q>2o a^JCOjJCTDJ. n£)&J0o n£)0)1cftS)2 ©6TCJ)OOT(20CQlG(rJTtJ)OOD20D2. 

(Tlg((3)o 45. (Tll^mtlTJJ^riJtTT^WM^ 
B2 (5)^«D8. 



300 



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(3ira(3(mDo: avjDjojavj(djruavjcB^i2oaiJ(n)oS(U}n(i/(U)javo(Q)i20(u3 = 

OllOJOJo (irU(U)JcB>3J0JrUo) OVJ(0JrUo ((/)OWO37cB>O0Jo) OVJcB>aJl2o 

((/)aw(uxaot(U)03l) (ma)JOQ)o ((/)]6ro6ur3(/3 = (U)(U)J03lcB>(/3) (urd(3(uic 

QJ(U)Jo (trUGCWOSgaio Q@0(/)Gl20cB>3J avaU03ai(/DcB(U)l) 6D(1I(Q)7(U3 

aVo(Q)l2o 6)nJQQ)(U)0(u3, @J(U)S2(Q)8 = rU6MJ@J(U)^CQ)o (<D6n@OcB>jaDj). 

6(30)00)1 (32(3)63Bgl(33 0T0oCQ>2o O-aJCO^CTD]. (BTD^o OTOJ^eJSJO) 

63Bg1ejjo BsjoilroS (3T3qjqq>26)s orojc^adaoaJcniJDc^gl&jjo, sdd 
orooQ3)(2o 6nJ2f5D(2K5)a6)oolro3 6?®2 aj(3a)c06)ooo6rr) (grauJlcft>o 
(3irao(X)°lcft>olc06)2aT)(OT. (3iraaj(3 «cd^ 2^(33cJl6rnjuo (26n3cfr.s.) a^sjrors)] 
(gr3(a)lGcrao3 orooco>2o ©.ajoo^cmj. i<&>Q®6m rairaajcS (3ira«5)l6)a^ 
(3iraajoQ>aJ63BgoQQ> (gira6n)2(.3aj^63Ba3 <&>6vtsi «Dissmicmi. rairaajoccsejoo 
(3radl6T0T5)2 cft>(ploo>2(B(T)Joa3 (3T3) e^cwooirs) «SjlysaojomonloDj rairaajcSceoj 

C/DtfC3)l g6Tl§Ocft>2aT)2. (313(5)} CaJOOej (5)6)Cm 20} a(j)eJ0 S2(5)63B6)g 

oroo6DJor\jiljy2o (6>.oJcq>oo). G<n>ocDlces>} (3T30J6)cq> a(j)ejoo c&I^SceooaS 
c&iptojo. 

(Tlg(flDo 46. (CS)3eO)3/£TDlZl3(j1(pJ3(33toajg c9>3(Q)(Tl)(T)J(5T3)r3Jl)(5lZl23- 
(T)f3n<^ĔJ30)(MJ. 

(3T3(3(5)Co: 0)0)«? = @J(U)82CQ)o OV7ODl20CQ)0(u3, (Urd6Wll203l 
irU03J(3@0(U8 = (3ld6Wll203lcB,§0QQ) 6)nfi)UdJ(0^63B<3J6)S <D3CQ)o, 

cB>OQQ)avai/(uru) = cB>ocQ)av7ao7, (U)auSi22oai@7^BJO(U)8 ^j = cB>oco) 

((/D(d1(D)(V(3l2263B(B0(Q) (dJrU03lcB>(/3 ai(/u7cB6)0CQ)l2 6D(lJCQ)Jo 

fD6n@0cB>jar>j. 

gqq>ocd1c0S)2 (3T3aMcnJl(5Dlcft>c/3 g6n30cft>}cm} a(j)cmo6m sdotIoc^ 

(3T3(3(5)Oo. (3T36TD} GaJ06)&J &jr*£J}OJ0cft>0a3 COQ>OCD1c06)2 cft>«>lQQ>}o, 
2ana5TJ5>2o ejalCCOJOgo S0CD22gg«5)220OJ0CT3 cft><PlCQ>2o. OJOCQ>2GaJ06)&J 

r^ejDo cft>}06T5T5) ajor^jajocnilroTOTlooDjo a>g>1co)}o. (5)oa3 ojI^jocdI 

aOJCTD a(j)&J0Ol(£0DCQ>}o C/D00TOlcftS)0o. OJl.aJ0(DlcftS)}CTD a^OJOOlCCDCOJJo 



301 



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c0>°l<PSc0S)Oo. CTOlooOo OT^§1cr3c0j2§l6)CQ>(BriJO6)__J O)6)03 c0>OO3(22§1(Ba2O3 
c0>CO)OlcO)l(DlceS>Jo. r_(j)__JO (3t3)i.C/)aOajJo Oj1__J0Ol_yaJ6rDo O)CT)lc05)2 

anTlocBajo^co^o s)__jcq>2o. 

(l\g(RBo 47 - ^ rJei]ftimiffllEiai(.cB(TDo l if)(T)(T)§j33l c9j3(!DmjmJOb. 
OTd(3o)Co: 0JrU£JOaJ6TVJ6W£/a/l&3aVOa0(V(V(3)JOGl = OWa3(dJo, 

c9ioau)% sruojo, 3^ai9(U) gdoi, ca>o(Q)avau(u3 = ao(ol(oav7av7 (uro)ca>janj. 

COOlOo CDOCOal&JOOTOTO^OCOriOTOTlOJCrDJ. (3TdCrolc05)2 OTdO)l6)CD 
6TUOCUlri_|Oa3 c0j<p1c0>CQ>1__J. BCTDIcDJo 0100)16)0) 6DJOUilfi_|OCT3 c0j<p1c0jCQ>1__J. 
(BCQ>0C/51 (^(.<^ ) fiOlt0©2 Cm(OT . aj6) ® ^ 6 *^ COOlOCBOTS) 6_CTT)lCD2o CDJoCTOl 
riJOaS c0j<Plc0>CQ>l__J. c0>O__J36rnX)6)OTJJ) S6T£Sl_y26)c0jO6TT§2 (BCQ>0<_01 COOlO 
(BOTOTOS^^Sl SDT. (B__JOc0jOTS>1o3 S_°laJl_ylo'lc0S)2o. OTd63B6)CDCQ)jg.g. 
C5Td)C/3c0S)2 r_Jl6)CTD (BO0C0(B(20 (2O6TD(B(20 (BOJ3CD(BCQ>0 63CTD2(2l6)__JaT)2 
GOJ30TU)lo3 oJ06TOT5)1§26ni. 

nXg(ffDo 48. ((/)riOQrnflTJj{a2rJ3(Tl) U 0l(^3nf)J(Sl)3(5(Ml(TJ(3)J mjo(JDZl3r3l- 

(fral(jM_(n)g. 

C3Td(30)Co: i(/)an6mOVJ0JriJOaV07(U)Oa)J(Q)O(3(UlOa/(U)jaVo(Q)(Z}O(U3 = 

C(/)aD6Wo (enta37a2>a/jOnJO0o) avj(ojnJo (6nt<i3l(X2)&6ru)oa)o) 
(urdavi2fl(U) (6nia37QQ)oa>j(/)(U)U}OQQ) (urociOba>o(Oo) (uroaojoDo (coj6W6mad, 

OV(U)J037) (Urd(3(UlDOJ(U)Jo (rUJ(0JrOJ0(S(UlD(0JrU(2)0QQ) irUGQQ)0e2a>o) 

6nai(Q)7(u3 avoQQ)U)o ojuqq)(U)0(u3, 6nia37oQ)egQQ)8 = 6nia3lQQ)&3QQ)o 
(av7ao7c96)j anj). 

6)OJglCQ>l__l2<3<3 QJlo_dCQ>63r_6)g CT\)c0&_OO3c0jO'1c0S)2(BCDJOC/3 gD(03lC0> 
63BC/3 (2CDCTOlo3 OTdOJCJ^gg CTO£_0O)o OJl§J OJlr>SJCQ>63B<Sl(B__lc0S)2 
6)__J__J2CTT)2. OTd) OJ^OnJOOOOTJJ) ©STOTOCDOJJo, OTdaO CTOTCO^o CQ>LDO(.c0jI2o 
rJlCTOTJSOjaD]. (BCQ>0C/51 SDOJCQ>lo3 (.<0><S(26TD CT0oCQ>(2o6)__JCQ>O)2 
CO°l__Jl_y0O3 ^(.03lQQ>63T303 c0>°l<PS63B2o. c0jO6TD2c0j(BCQ>O CDCO1c0S)2c0j(BCQ>O 



302 



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S)n-\<3X>l<rr> a$(3)l6)0D o^SdI&JJo o^SJOrj)] QCT)0<mi<£h. a^oSJOCrcnaOOOJl 

b®2 ojjor^o (5)6)crr) (grd)(ft,6)§. rarDja^o r2(Dqrol6)0D cft>6rrgLoJcft>0(D 12^5353 

(313) OJCT^^ailraS (3)6)01) a^c&OLCOOrySJOM)^. oJl6)Cn) oJ2(T^cft>0cft>0(D 

(20qq>1 (a)1(3crnlolc06)2CTT) ©stotocdot^I&j^o rarDoiloDjeoDriado oJ^cr^cA. 

S)<M5) <a>06mi<TT) (3TDaDooJ30(3(a)Oo (3TD6)&J8ft.1(33 (STDaDCrcnOOJlej^o 
a^c^OLCPaojSJOM)^. (3TD) (3TD (3^000X^5)0(33 SDLa3loa>63T3C/3 a£j)&J0o 
QJC/DoQJ3f20cft>2o. 

nngpo 49. «J)eo)3zienf)3^aj1o)jo ajlcMism^aajg (rdauanD^ODaaj. 

(3T3(3(0)Do: (9X3),? = 6Dt(B7CQ)e3CQ)o (ro7(3V7^0(U3, 2}G(O0e3O/7(U)Jo = 

ou(d1(d(uru)7(oj mcncrolcn r^)(WGrU06)Qj cmlt^Jco(U)7(rooi2)(S(U)D^o, 

Ol7cB>(06W@Oai8 = OUOlOOGrUcB&l cA,]S06)(U)CQ)J6363 6nt(B7CQ)ai^OrUO(Do, 

injcooaoegcwmj = inJcBi^ail&wo ((rv(3aiajou1cA,o(0o) (§001 
(rv7ao7c96)j(mj). 

S2(5)g3oa>o 6)cft>06rr§2 cft>ooa>oro1(3i51 g6rt30cft>3crD(5)2(BaJ06)ej 
fflGODOsoa>o6)cft>06rrg2 (2a)cr^1(aDlco>j(Z)j6Tirso<e>jcrn2. 

(ng((3)o 50. mm^^^^^mM^^mipm^ (Ti)«)ajf33aj3(Ji)l- 
niia^dnjo (TD^aj^STtnadD^dnjo aj 

(3TD(3«5)Oo: (W(WJ/UJ0Jri&O(OJ(U)O61JJO(U)7lZ)Ot(U)(rOJ = aV(U)J<UJ(dJr&l 
(W0(DJ6)S (6OJJO07CQ)JGSCQ)Jo (3ld)(Umoai7G(r5QQ)Jo) (Wda)J(U)061JJO(U)7 

(G@3&6ru)0(Do, atlGaicBio) 0ot(U)2)ocu)7 (roo7(u)76)4jcg)j(ro gcq)oco7cB6), 
cro(Sajsoaioa)7r^io(U)^(U)Jo = av(daiai^OrUcB>(U)jaijo, av(Sai&6ru)0(U)^ 
(uijo nj = (ro(3ai&6ru)(U)jaijo (av7au7cB6)jaoj). 

(.oJcft>^O)l6)0a> cft>1<PScftS)1 aJJCDJoSJODJo L«-I<9>i<5>1cg}j0 Ci» 122)1 OJjgg 
C@36)(0TCJ) OTOOcft>3dOro3cft>(DlcftS)2(BODJOa3 (3TD«5)00a>(3), oJJCDJoSJaS (STDODODJCD 
ODJO C/DJdDODJo oJ2(36TT)OD2o (3TD)6)6rDCrD2 C (0)00)1 OTOJOOD^gOJo 6)cft>06rT32 

cft>06m2(B0DJ0o3 oro(3ajoDc0<3)1f2(5)jaJ2o cro(3aj©6ra)(3)jaJ2o g6rr§0cft>2o. 



303 



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(ng((3)o 51. orooojoaupnrJl eaa^onJl^cMieaD aa&ycu^o. 

(3ira(3a5iDo: (woaajooco^oraS raraojl = (£2ejoJ06TaT5> crolaiilce^glroS 
ds^sloo^o oJ1ocM5)1 ojcmoraS, QG0cM6nf\&<a&iQ<xx> = ©ocoo3lcftg26)s 

6DJ°lg32O0Q> (310OJl3^03lcft>g26)S cft>9dOQ>o g6rt300Q>l§, 6)6)^0^^0 = 

(a^cft>(OTJo)(3ira)(OT i i ) aOTlcft> 3286U(T)1oj^«5tot1 (e20cft&Jo gsneocBDjcmj). 

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SSra)3(T)o. 

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CDlceolceogco)^. cgiraGrLjoaS cgrd)Cai20OJl6)cr^ 20^00012^0 (oJca^a&J 

6)r»_|S2o. oJ2®2rfldCT3 OTOJGCa) a^GaJO^o CDl(3oJlcft>0©CDOcft>2Cm2. 

cft>c3a26gB6)gocrt)2o cr)2226)s cmjcr5)20r>joocar2» J 6)cc5ro) crojcroj©2r>J6)carj) 

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E^SJoJSo GoJ06)ej BOJ CgK3)OJ06TDo OJ^OrJljylolcSS^JCTDJ agKBCTDCnjjBcBj. 

m)£l@)o 5. (rdaj^orarle^eij ^AGm^m&o rJlsjrareachiaernech^ao. 

cgracScarco: (&idG<r>Gdhc&ioo = mjanjc96)<B002) (nWmoswnJlcuru) 

63B<3J6)S, irUQJ^(UrU)]G@G3 = @l(WQJ^OrUO(06BB§}(U3, a$<&,o = 630J, 
nJ](UtU)o = 0(D(TV, inJGOCDOeidho = ®6)QQJ0QlG(rS(XDJo G(D(U)^(U)Jo 
QJnDlcB6)J(W(U) ((3td)(D)](0l(B6)Jo). 

cgira(oJcft>0CD22<3f3 oj&j ac)©j'©6gBg'lc£53 oj^ru©1jy26)cft06n@fl©1cfts)2cm, 

Cgra(.oJcft>0©22gg oJGJ 2CDCr02cft>(/3cS5)2 'CDl(32206n)^JlC3rj)6gB(j3' a^CTD^o 

cgrd) aaoloegBc^cSoj 'm1(3a206mcftocn6gBa3''r4j)crD2o ojocnjcmj. 
rLg)crD20Jjyocc53 CDlcSGmlces^rijs, 2CDcro2cft>a3 a^cmjo CDlc3(22lcftS)6)r>_|s, 
ODO°lo6gB(^3 a^cmjo cgrac3©_Do. ©cu)oJ30(3cc5)dojjo Eoocrojo 06rri 
cgiracftajcn>20CQ> croogo©aDO__Jcft>a3 <3r_J06)__j cgrajce^cTDj. ecnoaAcnocnl 
©totIcSctdoc^ cgrac_J6)cn cmjou.°lcDca)cnl©3 ojcn^cmcaAcDjgg Onocroijo 
2CDcro1&JOcft>2o. r_®ca)2cft>o__JcaTa)2o cgracu ool6gBg26)s 6)6)cft>ojaoo ca)6)cm 
(gr^colojcm^. r_j<3cft>__i ool6gBo3 cgraca)^ Boc3a2lcftS)jcml6)gj(gcmcn>j63S3j. 
Gcnocjolcnocnlcara^cScmocaS cgraca^ Boc3i22<n>1ca3 ojojcmj. cgraerijocaS 
(graoj6)cn6)cfts)06rri a^cra^o 6)__jcn>oo, cgra)(.c/)<^)1<ss)2cm 20ca)1©1cnlca3 



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a£j)DJOo C3raOJ6)QQ> goJGQQ)OCOlc06)Oo. 2KD(TOOQ3)l oJOl6TDl2i1jylolc06)2Cm 

aJ30c3co)Do 6)(ft>06n§2«5)6)cn)QQ>06rr) sd'd G&JOc^ajjo gengoces^ajslcol 

c06)2Cma5). EODCrO GCOJ oJ30(3C3)D6)(2Cm2o gSCLOOJCrO^ (26)000^ oJ30(3C3)D 
6)fflCID2o oJO6T0T3)2cft>2S0. C3T30J 65GO OJCrO^OJ^CTS @1cmi20QQ> oJC3l6mO(2 
63T3gCLC0). C3T3CrO(2flca) CSIO 6) DJ 8*1(33 C3T3nDa>OOo C3T3)6m CT02cB^(2(20QQ> 
CSraOJCTOD. C3T3C0)lC53CT)lcm06m GQQ)OCOlOQ>26)S 0)1(3 (22 06m.aj'lcaT5>63Bg2o 
CT)lc3(2206mcft>OQQ>63Bg2o m1(3(22lc05)6)a_|S2Cma5). (3raCO)26)cft>06ri32 (£QQ>OCOl 
c0S>2 L<T-ltft>i,K5)l<^)tQ<3)lA>§2S)S OnDCTO^o cft>6n§2rJls1jyOC53 o£)LCO) 
aQ)m)lQllo ECncrOJc&gJo O30l®63Bg2o g6n§OcQ6)OCT3 cft>ylQQ>2o. a£)Cn)OC53 
C3T3QJ6)0Q> B6)c06) CnlcSaalaOJCmCOT, (310008*000 a£j)Cm 6l®l aJ30(3C3)D 

corj)1c53 cnlcmjo csrajooAolcBojo. 

(ng((3)o 6. «op (JupoDs^ooac/aaDo. 

C3T3C3C5)Do: (U)[(U) = OilS212106Wnj7(UrU)6m§l(U36)OJj^, wjoaieso = 

cojo(D(uru)0(u3 ail(d2m7(U)®ocQ) nJl(uru)o, (mar>ooucQ)o = (urd)Ouco)7QJO(uru)(U) 

((3Td) CQ)7(07d36)J (Wj). 

aJDJ L^J^OO^gg g3O)63BglC03 O)0o cft>06rf)2Cm oJDJ LoJ 0*0(0(2^5353 

(2cncro2cft>g1c53 636)tfS)QQ>2oaj.aJ i 2 a^oojjo gco3ce^oad(20QQ>c3) 'croaocoT 
crooailjyl§2gg (2cncroo6m. 63T)a5dail6)cft>06)6n§o (2Lcra)o6)cft>06)6n§o 
ca)aJcro26)cft>o(B6n§o a^6)ca)ailDJ2o ^JIdj cro1(5o1d*c/3 crocnjoBl.ry acnjaaj^ 
<r>i ajl6)cmoQ>2o c3T3)aacft>c^ g6n§OQQ>lolc06)2o. a^)cmoc53 0^00)06)6*061-132 
croEoaJl crooco1jyl§2gg csra>cr3 crocSoj (3T^crad*g1c53o)1cm2o a^cMJ) 

CnOQQ>lo1c06)2o. 

tng (j5)o 7. a,<&m3W2§pa>^o eaDacnldD^^^^GOdajao. 

C3Tc)c3C5)Do: GCQ)OOil(DS = GCQ)0OilCQ)J6)S, dh(302 = dh(302)o, 
(UTdOUJithOdh^r^o = 6)OJ<3JciJJo dhOJriJJt2)7£JO(UrU)(U), 6D(U)G(dr>M0o = 

agj6j6jOjajGS(U), [(U)7oj7wo = ajamjinJdhooo (ajcwj oj(36WG(uru)osj 

dhJs7CQ)(U)). 



317 



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GCnOCOl (£(29JoJ06T3Ta) CT\51(5JJl6)Cn (oJOoJl.aJOC33 «5)6)0$ (oJOJ^((3K5>l 

c&g^o csiraojcnlcsS CDlcTD^engOce^cTD ojocrocnc^gjo co)6)ctd 6DJcnjJlc05)2cft> 

cnl&J. o^)(TO)26)cft>06)6n§CTT)OC53, C3TDCnoa3 C3TDOJ6)Cn CST^L^^^^ 01 ^^- 
C3T3Cn>OC^c06)2 (£cft>OJ&Jo i.oJOJ^«Jta)ll20(.a5)o 6).aJCn>6TDo. CDCT26).aJCn>OJ0 
CDOCnl (.<tJOJ(3C3T3)1c05)2CTT)2; CDCT26).aJCnj2CTD2, a^)CTDOC53 o£^6)(5TTJ)o_|Ol 
__j1cra)1tf5)2<Tril__J. C3TdC£5)26)cft>06TT32 C3T3Cnoa3c06)2 a£__Jo CSTDCDJgOJaOcB^ 
CTDl&J. a(j)CTT)OC£53 C3TD) g(33cB^o_dOOJCTT_£CnlC£53 r^)CC5K5)OCC5K5) CT\>0CU0CD6TT) 

csrdgjcB-C/S 6)__jcn>2CTD (.^oj^cototI, (3iraca)ocnc5) cft>(3(22o, c&o^cototo) 

(0JO0J0), 6)OJg205K5)C3) (oJJ^TD^o), (2l(ODo SD63B6)CD E^CmjOjlCJJEOCnlCDl 
aOJCTDJ. 

(f)3o. 

C3TD(3C5_Oo: (U)(U)8 = CDJ (m)LnJc6iO(Dl2)W63 (Bld) ca>(302)(UrU)7(U3(T)7(mj, 

(U)3JlnJOcdiO(n](/)]6mo(noo = (md(U)0(U)76)(r3 rU(o7rUOcd>(uru)7(r)j (U)jqj^6bb 

§002), aJO(TV(T)0(T)Oo = (U0(TV(T)c6>§J6)S, (3)df37aJJc9<U)78 = CrU(U)Jc6>i/ 
rU(d76TT)Ol2)o, nJ)OJ = (U)6)(W (<D6TT30cd>J(TT)j) (l26)gO(rr)Jo <D6TT3Oc0>J 

(wHbj). 

6T5)0a3 oJ^eTD^o 0JO0J0 (2l(.(/Do ^'DE^CTDJOJlCU cft>(3(220J2o 6)._dCn>C£5)2 
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o^)CTD2l2l(DlcQ6)6)§. GaOJODCDlCDroTOTl&JJgg C3TD)(COrc£>63Bg__J ECDJoU^C/DCDlCD 
COTOTl&JJggCS). (B30J(/D(D°l(Do BCTD^O (OTlCTD^GCnO dS^SlceO^GCnO 
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6)cS5)O6TTgl(Dlc05)2CTD o^)6)CT3 CSTDCDJSOJl^ CO)°l(DOCC5K5) aJ<PCn cft>(3(2263B 
gJ6)S Cn_£lC£5)l o^CTOTOCnlcaTOTlCD^o? 6T5)0CT3 C3OJCD0(n>0C53 SDTJ cft>(3(22 
63BC/3 a£j)OJl6)S(3oJOcft>2o? C3TD)LOaD63B(/3ci_5)2, CO)c05) (3TdOJCn_£cft>g'lC£53 
(20(.CC5)(BI2 (.<tJ^<^U6)o_|SOCT3 d3.<Plcn>2 o^)CTD2ggCC5)06TD gC£5TC5)CDo. 
(3TDOJ(TU£lcB5)2 CSTDCDJCD^oJEOCn C3TD)(.CO<^)S3B(/3 (20LC3>(£[2 ojpCOTS^OJCD^. 



318 



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eooj crojo^rJl-aJ^ ordslcoiloS d^lsces^o. 6dt) saararOTlroS aoajceoj 

(3Td(£0Dcft>o 6)6)3C)Jlcft>(20<Q> (3r3)(a)a063T3<B) > o (3Td(£0Dcft>o EOODJniKaOOO) 

(3Tc))(.c0riO63Bg2o (graeoDcB^o a^cooroocoooerDaoco) <m)i(f)nD6mQio g6n£. 

6TJ)Oa3 63®2 G30J(/DO°10o r^)S2c06)2cft>QQ>O6)6ma>1ro3 6)6)3OJlcft>0(.C0riO 
63B(/3 (20(.«5)(£(2 a^ODlaS)^ (20Dqro1(l33 6)oJ063BlOJO2. cft>0O6TDo, (STdOJCrOD 
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a^ODlaS)^ (2^C00r00CU0O6TT)l20Q3) (3Tc))(.(/)<^)S3B(/3 (20(.O)(S(2 6)nJ063Bl 
(T)lro3c06)2. 6)6)3Oj1cB}0(.C0riO63B(/3 (3rdS063Bl cft>O«5T5)l(c)lc06)2o. SDO) 
a^)(T5)l6)0D ODJ^^jlrijlc^jaDJ? (SrdOJOTOElce^g (SrdOD^ODJOl.aJ^ ODEJcOS^ 
(3Tc))(.C0riO63B6)g O)l0Q>l20Do 6)^J(^06)l2aT)2ggO)l6)0D OTO^^IrijlaS^ 01 ^- 

(3rdOja\i£ica>(/3cSS)2 (sraoD^o^oJOJ^o oroajiilanojjcaoco) ca>c3(220JoorooDc&>(/3 

(20(.«5)G(2 ojporS^OJO]. rUO^CTT5)OOJCrO£lcft>(/3ceS)2 cft>(3l226)a5TJ5)K5Tf5)6)aD 
CQ>2o (OTSJcOOOOS (/Dc0«5)lCQ>26)6TTgaD2 ©«5)2 6)«5)g1CQ>lc06)2aD2. 

m)om) &>3(DGmm&>(D£ rdorjaoi). 

(giracSroiDo: egowlaaodca^oo/ajja/anlwomoo = esocuil Gaaoo ca>oojo 

6D(U)Jca><30(U3 (Wdca>06)riJs7(Dlca6)J(TO aJO(TV(Vca>Odc96), (WdnJl = dhJSlCWJo, 
(Wd)(D(TU)0Jo = (WdSJoJo (<D6TT3), (TV®^(U)7(TVoaVca>OQGQQ)08 = av®^(ujl 
(V)JGS(V)Jo (TVo(TVca>O0(WU)76)a3(V)Jo, n$ca>(DJnJ(U)JO(U3 = n$ca>(DJr>J(U)Jo 
((WdG(33o) 6)ca>06TT3. 

(3raa)2(30J63B(/3 a\>2cS^l2l20CQ>l(l5)°lc3(TDl§2 0r0o0DJcft>0O63Bg0CQ>l 

SOJlceOJCTDJ. 0DJo0DJcft>0O63B(/3 gK536T)J2(5L>63BgOCQ>l§2 OTO (2^(0)1 t&gOCOJJo 
SOJlcOOjaDJ. SDOJl6)S 0DJ(2^(T5)1 r^)CTD nJ3o 0TOo0DJcft>0O63Bg0<Q>l 
(DTlDlcSCTDlolcSOjaD oJ2(3oJOOD2@OJ63B(/3ceS)2 SDGaJ0(/3 6DJ2tlOloJ2(3oj 
(20CQ>1 6).aJ<Q>2CTD cft>(3(2263B(£gOS (3rdOl<Q>06)(c5)<Q>2gg ODJOS 0(0)^6)05)15) 
c06)2Sl (i3Tt)c3(T5)Dl2Oc06)2CTD2. B0GO0 (/DO°10(T5TD)1gJ2o (310(15)16)0^ 0DJg30(c5)°l<Q> 
(/0OlO(c5rc5)l(c53 ODJODJOBl.aJ (TOOD^SOJoJOODJOc&C/S (20(.«5)G(2 c&OO^c&OOl 



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c6-gQ(_il(arff)°l(DjCrr)jg.g.j. QJlS_OCa)°lQQ> CK)(Dl(D(3rS)l6)__J C3TDCn2(3QJ63B(/3 
OtddJ^ c6_°l$6)n_|§2 SDCDjCmj6)c6-0g3S.]o. 630GCDO C/DCDlCDOJJo C3TDC5)l6)C$ 
Cn)S_0C0)°lQQ> C/DCD°1(D nJ(DCr_JCDc6_§26)S CrOCTC5)Oa)63B(/3 r_g)Cm(_:r_J06)__J 

(.nJQJc3c3TOTlcB6)2o. c3T3ca)26)cft>06rTg2 6Dn^<a>GiiG)S csrDaj^aju.ocn (csrDsjnj) 
coTOTlcr)] socoo ajojcrnl&j. 

ang(flj)o 10. mmx}7}<r)3ti\(5)WMti\G<M3 ODlo^o^jaob. 

C5TD(3(5___io: (U)0OV0o = (3ld> OJOaV(ncd>o3cB6), (3Td(n03l(U)Jo = (3ld)3l 
OOJlOJOOO)® (S0jlcd6)J(Wj), (31d)Od7n2Jg = OVJ6)J0OD(Q)J6)S, (n7(U)J(U)JO(U3 = 

(D?(U)j(U)Jo (nm ar>ji2ij6isi(U)0QJi atf)(mj&@ (3TdOJ(mo)6)ca,06ni. 

C3TDa)2__QJ63B(/3 n£)__JOo 'r_g)0)lc6S)2 CTOjeiJo CQJ6TT)o' n^Cmjgg 

sd^6)qq> rJ1cr5)2sc3cmo6TT) ajcDjcmcs). csTDcnjsajcarOTlcnj cstdjbI 

26n@0a»1®la_|0CT3 nJOSl&J. r_3)CT5)26)c£b06)6n§CTT)OCQ3 BOGCDO f_JJ.3)IC__> 
CgraCDJgOJOJJo c6_<Pl6T0ra) C3Td(T)2@C_J63r3glC53(T)1cmj S(T)1_y C3Td@l(D2__Jl 
0Q)1o3 CDlCTT)26ri§Oc6_2CrT)2. C3TDCO)26)c6_06TT32 6nn^<BS>l C3T3)3lcn>l&J. 

(Tlg(flD° 11. Gr_DflD3r_r_U3(p(H)3_UoafUOOnr)(^o(/^r_Dl(!DflDj3G3^3_!l- 
(33GOJ flD(3f330Jg 

C3T3(3C5_Do: GnD(U)JnnQJ0iODQQ)0QJo6nJ6)6)(ng = GnD(U)J (c&>0(d6Wo), 
nJDOJo, (3ld)iODQQ)o, (3ld)QJo6nj(T>o §DOJcB><30(U3 (OJ0OV(r>cB>o3), 
OVoO->^ciDl(U)(U)J0(u3 = W(07cB6)6)nJs7(6lcB6)(Q)O(U3, n$n2J0o = 6nrD GnD(U)J 

®j(U)qjoqq)(Uqq)J6)s, (misoGOJ = (msooj(uru)l(u3 ((m(wo(wlaDj(uru)l(u3), 
(U)3@ooj8 = (mojQQ)j6)s (ojoav(ncB>§j6)s) (misoojo (moodo okdjodj). 

SDj^c6_(/3 c6_O(D^c6_O(D6mcnl0Q>(2(5TI5)OC53 r^SlnjlceS^njglolceS^Cmj. 

aoj sd^ acr)l_yoc53 c3tdco)16)ct3 c6_oo^6)cori5) g(OT3QJln_jlc6S)06)C£5) cstdco^ 

CnaDlc66)2CTT)1__J a^CTDJ (20(.C£5)(2__J, r_D^30Q)o QJ__J1(_3) Cr0o(30(D(/D0__JQQ>0 
c-bjamj. Cn)oCT^c6.0(DfflOr®1(OTl(3cm1(Dlc66)2CrT) r_J<PQQ> C3TD)(/Dc6-g26)S n(j)__J0o 

(3T^L^^n\_£_ocn(20c6_2crT)2. cstD) c3TD)(/Dc6dC^ r_g)__joo croj(_3)o cgTDcn2saJl_y2 



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cB}<p16)6T3T3)83d1dJDJ06)K5) OJloalceS^aDCTODJ. QJle(/DoSd1.ry SD(03lQQ>63T3(/8 
6T)J0aD i l ) ajload0Q>63B6)g (CO^lt^ " <&>0£J° <i{5)DJ0o oJ^CTOIoO) SDjjlJ^oS 
26ri§OQQ>l6)c06)O6ri§lolc06)QQ>2o 6)^J^o. (3T3QJ6)QQ> g3QQ>lriJOa3 cft><Pl6)6T3T5) 

aTlroS mo(.«s><gffl sd^ (Dcrolce©]. 

(ng(«J)o 12. (3rc)(csflo)3nf)3(/)(3)o (TOj^^G^^riJujergGariJu^iaaasmao 

(5Td(3a51Do: (Urd(U)1(U)0(D0C/)(U)o = @J(U)OJJo S0OjlcX2)Jo, (rVJ(0JnJ(U)8 = 

(3id(u>o(ufl6)a5 crvjsooj(urufl(u3, (3rdcrv7 = crudlcwlo^jc^jcwj, w<3mo- 

6W0o = aflG(/dc&l6m<3J6)S, (3rdODJG@30(U3 = (DO(D02!0(3c/)(U)JO(U3 
(rUQJOJ<PlcX2)OCX2fl(D7cB6)Jcdi) GaD(U)JOJ0CX2)1§. 

(ng((3)o 13. eo) ct^smm^m^m (/^onrattraacng 

(3T3(3«5)Do: G(U) = (313(11, OJ^c0(U)(rVJc0)3Jl2)O = (TV£lJQJ6m<3Jo 

(rvjca&ii26m<3jo <m$cx2>1(d1cd6)jo, c/)j6mo(umo<r>8 = (<rvj@0GOJ<r>) 

i(Ufl(/)J6W6m<3J6)S cU(Dl6W0l2KDJcU6m<3Jo ((UtycdiJOWj). 

CD26TD63T3(/3 (DJCTOJo, ©S(T0, CTOECTO a£)OD <h\<XX)\ oJ30(3(31D63T3(/3 
(3Tc))cft>2(TD2. (gT3QJ0Q>26)S CTUD2^0QJCTUDQ©06TD S^a3lQQ>(BC00.aJ®[20QQ> ^T) 
CoJoJ6T31Jo. S^cTOOJJo SOOJlOO^o SDT3 C026TD63T3g26)S r>JgJQj1CDK5Tc7)l£JjS363 
oJOl6TD0(Z163T3g0ro3 gengOcB^aDJ. 

flXg((cT)o 14. fd(al£TT)3£)£)Zlcili(IS)j3(3jnTJ3(IS)(IS)Jo. 

C3Td(3a51Do: rUOl6W06)6)l2)cd)(U)J0(U3 = rU(0l6WOl26m<3J6)S (ojIc&oo 
6m<3J6)S) n$cdi(U)Jo (n$dh(DJrU(U>Jo) 6)cA06T7S, OJ(TVJ(U)(U)Jo = OJ(TVJ 

oj16)o3 (wSmlcwjGs) n$c&,(u>Jo (<rv1ao1cB6)j<rr>j). 

(Tlg((3)o 15. (JJ(T1J^ (71)3612^ rj1(MDef3(J3(cTTc))e(®3(^(Jj1f3c9{cT)g nJ(TlfDg. 

(3ra(3«51Do: OJ(TVJ(TVOG2!J = Oj1/iiJCX2)o 6i(WOCX2)1(0lcd6)JG<nJOC/3, 
njl(UrU)G@30(U3 = njl(UrU)o rUQJ(U)OcdiCX2)0(U3, (U)G(X2)08 = Oj1r&ICX2) 



321 



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ju7(uru)6mo3c96)j (oJlrajco)(uru)7a)jo &6tu)oaxuru)la)jo) rucnnos = aoScoo, 

Oj7(3c9(U)8 = l3lar>l20(X2fl(Dlc86)jar>J. 

(Tlg(flJ)o 16. (S)(l£nAmm<ZnA<m\(S)(!M)$!i£\(!M)m\ s OJ^ 

&S®)3(3)3&G®)3(S)o. 

OTOOOlCo: jU7(UrU)aVJ = 0O)av7a), (U?3JrU(DOO1OGrUc0&l7(U)(U)JO(U) = 
(UTd(U)l6)a3 (oj7n3JCQ)(UrU)76)a3) aVo6Wa\V0GrUcQ&lQQ)J6i6S(U)J6)ca,06rr3, 
OJOVJ = Oj7niJCQ)o, &61U)(U)0&61U)0(U)o = &61U)0(U)l20CQ)Jo, (Urd&61U)0(U)l20 

QQ)jnQ(olc96)jar)j. 

tngp» 17. rruf33 &m)sm(ml(m)cii^(<M)<a)(§)(($>iciAG&3% ^303^- 

(TVj nJ«)l£tT)3ZilO)j305. 

OTdOOlOo: nJl(UrU)QJ^(UrU)QQ)8 = iU7(UrU)OJ^(UrU)7cB>u3, OV30 = atf)QJO(ri) 
GrUO<PJo, &61U)0(U)08 = (3Tdo7CQ)6)riJSOJ ((UrdOloJlCDJ Oj7oUCQ)l20CQ)7 

(uru)l(ojar)j), (U)(u3c<ug@08 = (urdojco)j6)s (urdwlrucnoco), rujojtiajcwj = 

(3Td)(UmOOj76)a3, (3rdrU(076WOl27(U)JO(u3 = O)7(3oj7ca>O0(U)Jo (<U076WOl2l27 

ojoco)®) 6)cdi06rr3. 

6nno <ro\(i!oo(VT><M5)]s)C^i ffljg>jojaS oroooo, (pJr»J6imjo ^Jloo), sscloo 

SD63Bl6)0D O6n§OQQ>l§1(Dlc05)2aT)2 a^CmOcB^aDJ. ^JlOO^o S3CU)OJJ(20CO> 
GQJOc&>63B(/3 OSTlSJo 0)lOCO)O20CQ>l daj&JOODJ icLiOJnD]^lS)A>05VIS\(6] 

ceojamj. 6nno ojjor^o afl)co)06m? sdsoj1&j06)O) 20ol6)ces)06rt3lo1 
ces^cm S2 a5)O6rn 2 c06) §J 6)S a\)of*£joo)o. «oj oroof*£joo)o CoJoooTI 
6)cQ5)06n§2o, (26)ooo2 auo^ejora^o Ojcm26)c&06rt322lo1ces)2cm2. ajjor^c&o 

(31(3) (.<TJOJ0nDOTJ)l6)a^ aJJS>lQQ>GL<5>. (3100)16)03 a$cft>0)J6)00) O106)&J83d1o3 
0)030012^6)00) CDl&JODlOOO^CmO)] a(j)CO)06m? OK3) oJJCrUcft>[206rr)IO) 
am(mjggO)l0Dj cft>0O6m20CQ>lo1cS6)2(mO) a$O)06TD? 20O63BC/3 BOJ 
(cft>2o OraODJOrOOl-aJJ O)S0TJocft>2S06)O) ODSODJ 6)cft>O6TT§lo1c06)2Cm2. (3T§) 
OJ^OJCr0_£)lO)20CQ> (.cft>2o OlOODJOrOOljyj OIOOJ OJla_dCQ>63B6)§ 20D(pilo3 
CrdO)1c^&j1a_|1^y26)cft>O6ri§22lo1c06)2Cm2. 6_J6TT\JUo6_J6rrU)20CQ O10C_J6)<Q> 



322 



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o£j)&JOo cft>2Sl CB.aJ(3(Orj)0(03 (OTJSCS.oJCOlOCO) BCDJ O^nJo caTl^cm]. 
(3110(0)16)0$ (3T0oC/D63B(/3 o£j)&Jo O)1(0O0)(0[20CQ>l (20Ol6)ceS)06n3l(0lcjg>CQ>2 
(206TD. fflO)OA»(0)6)ODCQ);jC> 01)30 (2OOl6)c06)O6ri§1(Ola5)JOD2. ECDOTJJo 
C/OCOlCOOJJo (06n§2 (oJCa5)^a>C80JCO(.<e>(2jO (mOCDJODCOl.oJ^ B<P2<e>l6)<3S)36ri3l 
COlcSO^OD 65(0] (.f3OJ^«5T0il6)CT^ (06032 (3TOS2<e6)Jc0jC^ (BrjJ06)&J (31(0)60). 

B<P2<es)2<e>§1(o3 bod^ cacBcaocjDjo (3too)16)cd (5ra(BrjJce>9d1.aJ i 2 (2cbo(0)2 
ao1(.^^(2oa2)2(2no1ce6)2aT)C(5)20c)a>06rie2 cnajceoj (3tooj6)cq> coj(3o)1co1jy 

OlCQ)0o. 3^oaJOOI5)o: BCD^ (0)°lOJ6ri3l 65OSl6)c05)O6n§1(Olc05)2OT)2. (26)00(02 

oj6n§1cQ>2o (2CB(20co>1 (gi(0«5)l6)CT^ ecojojc/oraro^ce^sl CoJOcajjcnoj. co6n§1 
6)CT^co>2o coo)l6)co> 6}(02OJltu6)(206)ces) cnajceoj ce>6n3o1ojoo3 

ODOCJJlceO^o. rj£j)83>1&J2° CBOJOOOCm^ (^GoJceildl«5)l20CQ>l(Olce5)2CTD2. C0(2l 

ceoooco) orucl(0(20CQ)1 CDlcoSceo^cm i26)ooco2 ojcro^ce^sl «Doosocolco^ocm 
83>1&jqjoo(0) 65cm1co3cQ>2o co(0)1cbojcoo L^^^s^as^cmco^&j. 

r^)ODOa53 COCBOTgO (3T0O51ce>(£[20 (rOOCUO)63BC/3 SlODCBOJC0(0T0)l(03 

650sl6)ces)06n§1co1ces)2(BCDJOc^ 01(0)3^0 o)0o (3Tocu1ce>o (/01(^(01(0)1(03 

BOS^ODCOACBO^CO^o BS^OJlcoS (3T0U51ce>o (2CB(20CQ>1 BOS^ODCOAoO^CO^o 
CO(0)1(BOJC063B(/3 c&engOlcOJJODJ. rj£)65BlOO) (31(0)60) ECDCn^ 

ce>06TD2cm«5)? (gTOK5)2o 650sl6)ces)06n3lco1ces)CQ>cB&j? (gTO«5)2S)ce>06n§2 

(3TO(0)1(BO)ceOOC/3 (2CB(20CQ>1 BOSJCTD CBOJOOOCO^ OJOnOJ CBOJSnglOJCOJODJ. 
(3T063B1oO) (3TD)CQ>0(03 (3T0(0)1(BO)ceO0C/3 (2CBl20CQ> EOOOCm^o, (3T0(0)1(BO) 
ceS)0C/3 (2CB(20CQ> (BOJOOOOD^o g)63BlOO) (3T0OJCr00O)[2l&J0O(0) 

'(gToo)OJcni£i'cQ>l(o3 O-aJcm^-aJos^o. (3T0(0)2Oce>06rt32 «5)(3ces)c/ooLcr^ 

(.nJce>0(0o BC0lS(OTO) (^OJO\>00)1a_|1CBceS)6rrg«5)OCQ>l CBCDCOlSJODJ. ^J&JO) 

al&jocoro) Bcml6)0) (3too16toto)1s,2 22^) (BOJCOL<e>(2coococBCQ> (stoojIos 
ojlLC/oi2lrij1(Bces)6n§1 ojcojcmj. sdt) (gToojcrooo)(2l&JO(orj) ^j&jo) 

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rj£j)QJOo (3TD) rjJ^CO^rjadOCT^ CB(2(03 ^^l^&JlteS)^ 000 *®0<S)&><J& (20^(0) 

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(.rd(ft>o(/D(3Tfj)l6)a^ s^osm&mab oajggceosejocro1o3 (o-i^l^^Jld^ 
Cojooej o)ocm. otdo)1(£ct2o3 otdoj ci{j)(ra>t3CQ)o 02oJ63BOg (ojroilncejl 
rLjlceojcmj. (girao)l6)or) otd(B(/Do9Jo at^lmo^sjorj^cmjalej. 

(Tlgpo 18. (T) (3)«J1fDj3f33(TDo, (3^(^(3)J305. 

OTD(30TCo: (3>(5c? = «Jld(U) (t2K7XW), (WJO@0(Wo = (WJ<V)o [rUc&OOdo, 
(V = (BldOJ, 3^OD^(U)J0(U8 = 3J ) <JDJ2)0(X2Jl(dlcB6)](m(U)]6)ca,06ni. 

LoJc93^(3)1oQ)1(a3 a3)aJl6)s ccnoceolcojoejjo (gra(cn1ffltiO(cm5)0CQ) c/Dceo)1 
cej(/3 (mDjaJlcSeaJl.aJ^ Ocej06ri3lo1ceo2cmo)ocQ>l ce>06moo otd63b1ood 
OTDjoo-osajlejjo (.nJcSj^roilceoj otojcqo (oJ<e>oc/D2lej; o)cmoT3>oa3 
(.nJce>oc/Dlceo2ce> a^cmjggoilej; a^cmjo, orooooDlo2oJ6mo>lo3 otdotj 
©eiTOOODorojcD^^ao&Jcmjo a$o)06n£ ODeomosj ojoco^cmjo-ri. 

oJJOJoSJCTC) 20(O)206m ODJJOQ>o(.oJce>0(/DCT3; OTDOJCtS 0)OCl3 (.<TJ<e>0(/DO«5K5) 

aooo&JooloDjo ODCoSceTloceoooTglcDlceojcmj. otdojoct^ oo^ja5)OD^ao6m 

a£)GJO £3CU)oJ30(3OTO63Bg1&J2° C/Dceoilcejglejjo ce>2Sl (3raol6TaT5>20J°l6m2 

Oce>06n§l(Dlceo2cm(3). 

(ng((5>° 19. nj]]cfhmjzie(TD eajarsaDamajauaosTDo. 

OTD(30TOo: n^cA(Wl21G<V) = 6i(0JcB^d6W(UrU)l(US, «D(3<V)0(naJW0(d6Wo = 
(aCnCW) 06ngjaj7n3JO2)63}36)c3 iCDciDlcB&od)®, nJ = (UTd(U)J6)ca,06n§Jo. 

aoDoro otojcq>o (.cdcajoyaaooonojcroj ag)a>1o3 o®ce>ce>oejoiR5)lo3 

og)eJOOlOODCQ>2o i<J)nD]c^OC\?> OTDOilODJ c0j<PlCQ)JI2OCQ>lO2CTT)2. OTDO^ 

otdoAodj cej^lc^jcmlej. eoj oJ1oajcQoin5)lo3 6tu&j20cq>1 aoDcrolooD 
gDcmjeoDJoyS 20oocmlo3 cnlcmj <mcs>i oJl^CoJOcejjcmj. sodoto 

0T0JCQ>o(.nJce>0(/D20CQ>lO2Cm2 o{j)83jlo3 OTDOAODJ i<S)<iD](^0(\?> ce><plcQ2cm 
OJl<T9JCQ63T3(/3ce02 ce^lrijVOT226n30CQ>lolceOCQlej. nJJ©^^ J "^)^ 

oJlo9JCQ63BOgcQ2o eoj mlalrajoraTloDj LCOoola-|oa3 cejatojcmj. otdjotj 

Oce>06rt§ oJJOJraJCTS OTOJCQo (.<TJ<e>0(/D0D06m. SODOTJ OTD63BlO0DCQej. 



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(ng((3)o 20. aJloraadmod^ew^, snj^ruiilcnj^eruDo^rdnDoC/)^ 
(TTj^«n1(TT)8M)(mj. 

05K3(3051Co: nJl(UrU)0(rU)(03^GOD^ = 630J nJl(UrU)o (6DJJ(3V7) 06)OO0J 

nJl(uru)(uru)0(u3 (Wdo7a2>6)rysj(wj n$)<mj ojo6ruru)0(u3, 6Wjav76WjGavs = 

nJ](uru)6)(uru) (urdo7a2)j(w goj6)oooj nJl(uru)(uru)76)(r3, (mailtrucwocns = 

(urd(U)lca,£JrU(r) ((mcDOKmn) avosoJlcB6)jo, (rv®^(U)7(rv85,(omj = 
(rutDj, (U)7(rvosa>0j ojjt2j6n§0ca,jo. 

(20D(rol6)0D 05rao1oa>2cmo5)1oDOOQ)l goj6)ooo>2 amoro^engcmj 
oJl^Jodlceo^; o£j)cmoo53 (3T3) i2 ODOTolcoD otDjo o^raoloa^cm aooocmj 

6TT§0Ccft>6nelOJO2o. 05K363Bl6)0D oJO6T3T3)0053 05K3OJ0DJ00D(2l&J. O^raODOJOTOD 

05K3)Oa>1o5r3)1o)2o. rarao^ oroa^lce©] cft>&j(3.aj6)oa> gengocoojo. 

B0(3i22cft>(/3 q<msuo\^i 6)OJo_pa3 gDS(2l__J005)0ce_2o. 

(Tlgpo 21. rJle(^{a(rd(fDl(TTJo(c9>lZl3(n)3(TlJ(33c9j3{a3fd(3Y3)!D (TTJjOnj^dJUl 

(TTjoeajddDo. 

05T3(3051__]o: (WdCnJ(U)7(rVoCcA210a2>Og = 06)0 >0(W7(U3 c&>QJ(0J(W (TOJSOOJ 
2flQJO(UrU), nJlG(U)8 = &€rU)O(D(rVO(0(0JrU(DOa2) nJJ0JoU6)(r3, (U)30cB>0(00- 
oJ(UrU)rD = (U)030(Ut2!Jo irUOnJliiJlSJ, (TVJ6WJ(3V7(TVoGOJ3(Do = (6WJ(3V7 
cOS)j) (U)6)(W Qj7r&ia2)®0ca6)7a2)J6i6i (UTdOlOJ, (Wd(DJOJJOJ(TV0a2)o, 
(7VJG6WOCVo (D6riG0dhJ(WJ. 

oJ05)6TS-__j1 (2oO(3o_tfl SD63T3l6)0D f_JOC0>jaT)(3.J Sm\(^S\ (©6T3)00Do) 
CLil(airmS)d^ C026TT)(26)GJmD2gg 05)05)J6)05T3) 05T3aild3_o 0r0o_lo_tl(200a>1 

ce_06m1o_|oa3 goj6tt§1 osrajce^omj. smiajo] r_jj(Djr_a_Gar>osj oj§6)o 

(3TdSJ(5Ta>J 6)__J__J2eODJO(/3 oJJOJoStlOag OTOJO^oJo 05T305)l053 icLl(ti}cinQi\^ 
GoJ06)__J O5T3)0a>1§2 051(3) d3i_t_6m 051(3)1 053 051(305)2 g6T3)00Dl2jS3 53 05)000)1 

05)1(3aT>2 orojoa>o oJ20>2o_t.0D06)6mcm2 G^ocmjaooocB^cmj. 

(llg(RBo 22. ^nJ^^e^arJOcrWDoaJlSJTIDo (TTJ(5(TJ3(a«Mlo 



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C3rd(3(?JlCo: /3^tia^/3J,S<y3JOnJ(Dc9{J)o = nJjajnSJGCnOSJo Oj7najQQ)6Br3 

Ggosjo avo6nj<ruflj2jl§, nj7(uru>o = srujru)!, (rv(3ojo(3(uico = nJ)QJ06>a> 
QO)jo (BrddlojocrS (woi2(S(mn((2ij6}S3(U)OQQ)](uru> loj ar>j. 

BOj GO(r>(tm>i a^c/D^aoo® eTUOaoyoJojeTsuojjo aojeoojrara)} 
(OoUoojoco) ojjcojoadorajo i.oj(!5ilfiDeil^|2 (T)lro3c06)2cm(OT26)cft>o6n§2 acncruj 
a£j)&joo cgroolojooS aod^1ca)jggc??)Oca)1coT(j)1(ojciroj. 

(ng(o>° 23. (innmoG^waismms&imtiimT}^ rjoaooirjo 

(TUonOO^tMOlOTjaOu. 

C3TdCoC01Co: (U)(U3 = (BTd(U) (nj7(UrU)o), (Brd(rVoG6)JJQQ)OJO(rV(r>0@78 = 

atf)6mt2flQJ0(uru) ojoav(r>ca>§o(u3, nj7i(uio = (rvea>eJl(U)o, (urdoJl = 

(BTd)6)6m83flQJJo, aVonD(U)Jca>0(07(U)JO(u3 = 63(mOQQ)7G^(3(mj CnJOJ(3(UrU)7 

c96)j(m(U)Oca>ca>o(u3, nJooS(uiDo = njocn (njjajnajcn) ca>0(Dj(rvoa)ca> 
H}OQQ)7(o7ca6)j(mj. 

(acDcru raraeroc6}OJO(roa)cft>(/3 c&2s1(Bjy(3cm26rr3ocQl0lce5)2(rn(rj)Ocft> 

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olceojo. (gT3(fj)1o)2(BOJ6ri§l (Tjr^colcolces^o cgrocu ce^slcjyojcmca); csrdc^ 
6)A>06n§2 ojocruo)cft>a3 ^slG^ycSoDj ao^cr^jengocoJl^ggcrj) oJjcojoSd 
6)o3 grdGcn>o<X)(fJTrj)1cmocn>l§Ocft>20T)2. 

(ng(o>o 24. ojlG(Or>±ioo(o1(r) or$OTZir33mr33m(TO(n1m^oYrj)1g. 

C3T3C3(fJlDo: Oj7G(/dnSJ3(S(/d7(n8 = nJJ0Jn3J(njo iU7(UrU)(UrU)7(njl2}J k 

G@36)(uru) (U)7(o7^o7QQ)j(moj(n, (Br^(umsoojsoojmo(n7oj^(uru)78 
2i(n(rv7(u3 (Bm (umo6>oj(mjs3e3 (Bidislmocno cnl^BBjcmj. 

OJl(BOJcft>o 6)cft>06Tl§2 (BCfi>0O)1, C3T3)(fJ120OJ2 f2O)<T0ej a^Cmolc&^cmj. 
dlg(0)o 25. 0)03 0JlGOJt9>(T)1Zl U (T)o QQc9>m&Jl l (fJ3(J) U r330o aJl0Yu)o. 



326 



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(3Td(3a51TJo: (U)30 = (&Td(2nJO(/d, nj7(UrU)o = /20)01), aj7GOJcd}0)7l20)o = 

a/lGajca,&6ru)oo)(uru)0(o3 (mcoowaijo, 6)6)ca,aiQj^inJocd@o(Oo 
6)6)c&,aiQi^(uru)0(u$ (®jcB(U)7cv)0(u3) a/j0aJ(U)7tz)(uru)jo cmd)CUJl(uru)1(Djonj. 

sD(.r>Jcft>o0o, coaiowoe^ocroo 6)cft>06n§2 ail(Bajcft>o (gr36)&ja>1ro3 

©6Ta)0(DK5TOTl6)a^ OTOoJDJSO) CrolaiJlceS^CTDJ. ©6T5)O(£OD(.CB'l0Q>63Bg26)S 

(gr3)ajo6mo od°163b1 aJlo9Joo>63Bc/3 rairaajoa^s oa)U30(3«nc(T\>j(a]oJ(3irol(D3 
ODEjceoj e^cug^ajsjroTOTjcTDj. (3Td(So_|oa3 oja^roin alioaajcrj^jajo 

6)6TDCnr]o 0TO0cft&dl20(a5)0D00a> ^©^6)03 l22(TU06)cft ^Jl(.K5)6TOa3 
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ODJO BCnD6)&J(TD2o, (.oJaj^OilOOJJOS OJlcft^(OTlcfta3 a£j)&J0o ggglra^ 
(roloaDOOrOODOCD^OJSODOOO) oJ^oUCDOce^CTD ^anOCDOgSOOJlCD] OTOoSOJ 
63B6)g L<^3C3(^1<^1<^0CT3caJ6n§1 20(.«5)206)6TDCnr]o COEJceOJ cft>06TD0- 
OOOJJo. 3°l(3f^cftO&J6)K5K5) (310S i l ) 00r0o6)cft06TTl SD09 aJlCOJcfto OTOlaiil 
cftS)2G0DJ0O3 (30Q>o OD°l6TO2cftOQ>2o EODOTOlODJ EJcSCOTl (6)6)^0^^0) GJSl 
cftS)0Q>2o 6).aJ0Q>2<rrX]. 

mgpo 26 - ©^pcp^ (aJ(5)A,(H)3fKJ)fi)36inn1 mjom^tMGor^g. 

(3Td(3a510o: (U)nj7Gi3nSJJ = (Wfd> OV/2OW70Q)7(U3 (UrdOJOUOo QJ@7c96)J 
GO2J00U atf)QJOo, OOoOOdhOGOSJg = aj^J(UlDOO)OVoOVca,0(063B§7(u3 

(ov/2ow7oil§j snjcio7(Si22jsiJoaio\in(S)7(u3 a/on7sj&@ rU(o7^Jcxi)(uru)7(u3 

0)70T), inJ(U)JCQ)OOU)0O6rr)7 = (oVI20W7irU(U)76nJOW6m§0QQ)) ®aj 

&6ru)oo)63Bud(<D6rr30c&,j(mj). 

'crO26U2O0Q>lc31cftS)6TD6)2fflDlro3 eriJOoi-M^OOO) aJloaJOQ>63BCgOS2 

CTXJo6TUCnjJlcftS)6TD'6)2CTD2 0D2JcftS)2 OJlODJOOTOo CCOTOCmlajl^JCTDCOTOOOil 
ggg1(33 g6rr§Ocft>2CTD aj"l.aJ0CD63Ba3 ag)GJOo &\<QQ5)\<m\ (oJ«5)l6DJCnjO 

63Bg06rn. oJ^ojoajcrS croj@cajoDa5)6)CTD crojeucrojo^oJODjo soco^crojc^oJ 

Cr>JfflOea>jamj. (3T3) G6DJOCD0 oJ^OO) CrOoOTOcftS)O063BgOK53 (3Td) 0^^(3)2 000)1 



327 



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GnJOCOJl (31(3) CT\>oCr0ca>0O63T3(/3 0TOJ<Q>(B(2QJ (31O0D2Saj«M)l«33 OJCTDJ 
(OT°l(B06T13lQQ>2o ^(DlceOJOTDJ. 

(Tlg((3)o 27. ^3(11(312^30 GcgbOuTlJr^cJiino. 

(3)0(3(0)00: n^nSJOo = 6D(U)Jdh63J6)S, nOOO)o = O)0(/dO, Gd^h(J0OJ(u3 = 

ajad(ruayooJl^jlsj&& (moJle^oaldhgooo) rU6rmjGdhOD6BB§jGS (rnoaoo) 

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